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Using scalar variable in system set of commands

by dtbach (Novice)
on Nov 01, 2012 at 14:29 UTC ( #1001835=perlquestion: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
dtbach has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

Seeking grate Perl Monks Wisdom

Just starting to learn perl, (as evident by my code and question, but everyone has to start somewhere).

print "Enter month (Abc) \n"; my $month = <STDIN>; chomp $month; system ("mailq \| grep \@ \| \$month \|sort +6 -7");

When using $month I get no output, however if I use Oct or Nov code works fine. Using perl -c and perlcritic.com there doesn't appear to be any errors, however must be something wrong with the code. Thank you, Darryl

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Re: Using scalar variable in system set of commands
by choroba (Chancellor) on Nov 01, 2012 at 14:37 UTC
    By using the backslash, you prevent $month from being interpolated in the doublequotes. The shell then gets $month and tries to expand it - but there is no shell variable named $month.
    لսႽ ᥲᥒ⚪⟊Ⴙᘓᖇ Ꮅᘓᖇ⎱ Ⴙᥲ𝇋ƙᘓᖇ
      Indeed. The backslashes before the pipes are also unnecessary.
      perl -E'sub Monkey::do{say$_,for@_,do{($monkey=[caller(0)]->[3])=~s{::}{ }and$monkey}}"Monkey say"->Monkey::do'

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