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Re^2: Copy rows of file to new document

by phineas629 (Novice)
on Jan 25, 2013 at 02:12 UTC ( #1015249=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Re: Copy rows of file to new document
in thread Copy rows of file to new document

I tried but I can't seem to get it to work. I'm really new to this all. If I can't figure it out then I'll have to start doing them manually.

My data is located in the directory 'c:\incoming\temp'. I don't know if I should make a file or will the script make it for me? Any help will be appreciated, even if you have to write it out exactly for me. I know you guys have tried to make it as clear as possible but I'm really having such a difficult time. I have so much work today and the boss won't be paying me if I have to catch up on the weekend. I'm as desperate as one can be to get this thing to work. Once again, all the help is appreciated.

#!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; my $dir_path="\Incoming\Temp"; opendir (Incoming\Temp, $tmp_dir) or die $!; open (MYFILE, '>>vehicles.txt'); while (my $file_name = readdir(Incoming\Temp)) {print "$file_name\n";} print MYFILE $file_content; close (MYFILE); CLOSEDIR;


Comment on Re^2: Copy rows of file to new document
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Re^3: Copy rows of file to new document
by choroba (Abbot) on Jan 25, 2013 at 09:25 UTC
    • my $dir_path="\Incoming\Temp";
      This is not doing what you think. The backslash has a special meaning in double quotes. Fortunately, you can use a normal slash /.
    • opendir (Incoming\Temp, $tmp_dir) or die $!;
      Where is $tmp_dir coming from? Do you mean $dir_path? Moreover, you cannot use a non-alphanumeric character in a dirhandle name. Remove the backslash. Even better - use a lexical dirhandle:
      opendir my $DIR, $dir_path or die $!;
    • open (MYFILE, '>>vehicles.txt');
      Not really an error, but can be improved: use a lexical filehandle, 3-argument version of open, and test for failure:
      open my $OUT, '>>', 'vehicles.txt' or die $!;
    • Also note that $file_content is empty and undeclared. You probably want to use it inside the while loop to populate the output file:
      while (my $filename = readdir $DIR) { open my $FILE, '<', "$dir_path/$filename" or die $!; while (my $content = <$FILE>) { print $OUT $content; } }
      BTW, have you noticed the directory path must be prefixed to the filename?
    • CLOSEDIR;
      Perl is case sensitive. The function is in lowercase: closedir. Also, give it an argument.
    لսႽ ᥲᥒ⚪⟊Ⴙᘓᖇ Ꮅᘓᖇ⎱ Ⴙᥲ𝇋ƙᘓᖇ

      I've given this a couple attempts.I'm really trying to read over the notes but am just plain lost. This is the error I got with the code:

      "my" variable $dir_path masks earlier declaration in same statement at parse.pl line 5. syntax error at parse.pl line 5, near "opendir" Can't use global $! in "my" at parse.pl line 5, near "die $!" syntax error at parse.pl line 7, near ") {" Global symbol "$file_content" requires explicit package name at parse.pl line 8. Execution of parse.pl aborted due to compilation errors.

      #!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; my $dir_path="c:/incoming/temp;" opendir my $DIR, $dir_path or die $!; open my $OUT, '>>', 'c:/vehicles.txt' or die $!; while (my $file_name = readdir($DIR) {print "$file_name\n";} print MYFILE $file_content; close (MYFILE)
        On line 4, exchange the double quote and the semicolon. Then, reread my comments.
        لսႽ ᥲᥒ⚪⟊Ⴙᘓᖇ Ꮅᘓᖇ⎱ Ⴙᥲ𝇋ƙᘓᖇ

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