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Re^4: Find pieces of text in a file enclosed by `@` and replace the inside

by kluther (Novice)
on Mar 08, 2013 at 13:43 UTC ( #1022420=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Re^3: Find pieces of text in a file enclosed by `@` and replace the inside
in thread Find pieces of text in a file enclosed by `@` and replace the inside

Just one question. How do I exclude an email-address from processing?


Comment on Re^4: Find pieces of text in a file enclosed by `@` and replace the inside
Re^5: Find pieces of text in a file enclosed by `@` and replace the inside
by bart (Canon) on Mar 12, 2013 at 21:08 UTC
    Well, there are several options.
    • Use a different set of delimiters to mark your sections something that cannot occur in real live data, as opposed to using "@" for a delimiter.
    • Have strict rules about what can be between "@", for example: allow just letters. That way you can safely distinguish between an email address and a marked section, as both parts of an email address will most likely either contain non-word characters, or you write at least one non-letter character right right next to it, you probably won't ever write an email address touching another word.
    • Find a way to escape the "@" character, for example "\@" could represent a "@", but then you need to escape the backslash too: "\\". Or, and this is possibly simpler: let "@@" represent a single "@". Ooh, I like that.
      Hi Bart, sorry for my late response. But can you show me how to do the option with "@@"? Thanks a lot!
        Well I was thinking something along these lines:
        s<\@(.*?)\@>{ length $1 ? subst($1) : '@' }ge;
        Whether this is sufficient depends on whether the string it matches and replaces, must be able to contain a '@'. Well, you can write strings like "blah blah @foo@@@@bar@ blah" where both "foo" and "bar will get the special treatment, and the "@@" in the middle of the quadruple will be replaced by a single "@". I guess that will probably suffice.

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