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Re^3: Get Cell Value while Reading Excel file and not the formula

by PBegin (Initiate)
on Apr 14, 2013 at 07:00 UTC ( #1028602=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Re^2: Get Cell Value while Reading Excel file and not the formula
in thread Get Cell Value while Reading Excel file and not the formula

Also, Is there a module to write and read the same excel file in the same program? Thanks!


Comment on Re^3: Get Cell Value while Reading Excel file and not the formula
Re^4: Get Cell Value while Reading Excel file and not the formula
by hdb (Parson) on Apr 14, 2013 at 08:50 UTC

    What I think is happening is the following:

    Your "write" program generates an Excel file containing some formulae.

    These formulae never get calculated unless you open the file in Excel and calculate.

    If I then use your "read" program to read the file, I get "0.00%" values from the formula cells.

    If I first save the spreadsheet in Excel, then the "read" program returns proper values.

    My interpretation is that by using Spreadsheet::WriteExcel, formulae will never be calculated, which makes sense as no Excel is present necessarily. Your dilemma now is that you will not have the results from these formulae before you open the spreadsheet in Excel and have it calculated and saved. In which case using "Win32::OLE" would be the better solution. Then Perl would always interact with the spreadsheet through Excel and you can read/write as you like.

    I have looked at the module documentation but I found nothing that confirms or contradicts my hypothesis.

    Just for completeness, here is my reduced "write" script:

    #!/usr/bin/perl use 5.010; use strict; use warnings; use Spreadsheet::WriteExcel; my $WriteWorkbook = Spreadsheet::WriteExcel->new('Write.xls'); my $WriteWorksheet = $WriteWorkbook->add_worksheet('Data'); my $formula = $WriteWorksheet->store_formula('=1-(F1/E1)'); my $f_change = $WriteWorkbook->add_format(); $f_change->set_num_format('0.00%'); for my $row ( 1..4 ) { for my $col ( 4..5 ) { $WriteWorksheet->write($row, $col, rand()); } $WriteWorksheet->repeat_formula($row, 13, $formula, $f_change, 'F1', +'F'.($row+1), 'E1', 'E'.($row+1)); }

    and my "read" script:

    #!/usr/bin/perl use 5.010; use strict; use warnings; use Spreadsheet::ParseExcel; my $parser = Spreadsheet::ParseExcel->new(); my $ReadWorkbook = $parser->parse('write.xls'); for my $ReadWorksheet($ReadWorkbook->Worksheet('Data')){ my ($row_min, $row_max) = $ReadWorksheet->row_range(); my ($col_min, $col_max) = $ReadWorksheet->col_range(); for my $row($row_min..$row_max){ for my $col ( $col_min..$col_max){ my $cell = $ReadWorksheet->get_cell($row, $col); print "$row,$col,",$cell->value(),"\n" if defined($cell); } } }

      What I think is happening is the following:

      Could be :)

      perldoc Spreadsheet::ParseExcel |grep -i formula

      This module cannot read the values of formulas from files created with Spreadsheet::WriteExcel unless the user specified the values when creating the file (which is generally not the case). The reason for this is that Spreadsheet::WriteExcel writes the formula but not the formula result since it isn't in a position to calculate arbitrary Excel formulas without access to Excel's formula engine.

        Thanks for this. I was only scanning the documentation of WriteExcel...

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