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Filehandle problem

by amma (Novice)
on May 07, 2013 at 11:09 UTC ( #1032459=perlquestion: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??
amma has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

open (my $rfh,'<', $entry) or die "cannot open > $entry: $!"; open(my $new, '>', "$name\_new.txt") or die "cannot open: $!"; my @data = <$rfh>; foreach my $l (@data) { if ($l =~ m/$signal2\(\d+\).*\s*<=\s*$signal1\(\d+\).*/){ my $i; for($i=0;$i<7;$i++){ my $j = $i + 1; print $new "$signal2\_rrfa_$label($j) <= $signal1\_rrfa_$label($i);\n" +; } $required_line = $&; } else{ print $new $l; } } close($new); close($rfh2);

My new file does not contain the lines from the original file when the if condition fails ( I mean the else part is not executed). The new file has only lines when if conditioned passed.

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Re: Filehandle problem
by Random_Walk (Parson) on May 07, 2013 at 11:18 UTC

    What is the variable $required_line for? What are in $signal[1|2] My guess is that this is a fragment of a larger script. Can you give an example of some input lines as well please?

    Why are you using $1 as the variable to write? What do you think happens to this variable during pattern match failure?

    Cheers,
    R.

    Pereant, qui ante nos nostra dixerunt!

      Hi, I am storing the value whatever is matched in the if condition in the $required_line variable. The data file is too large of 40k lines.

        Just a couple of lines of the input demonstrating a match and a fail would help. Try replacing the use of $1 with something other than a special variable, I typically use $line. Then see how you get on.

        Cheers,
        R.

        Pereant, qui ante nos nostra dixerunt!
Re: Filehandle problem
by jnyman (Acolyte) on May 07, 2013 at 11:43 UTC
    Are you sure you are not trying to read the new file before the file handle has been closed? (and autoflush $| has not been set for $new)
Re: Filehandle problem
by graff (Chancellor) on May 07, 2013 at 23:22 UTC
    After I applied appropriate indentation on the OP code (so I could read it), I noticed something odd about your print statement:
    print $new $l;
    Normally, the 'print' function takes a list, which means that there should be commas between its args. I didn't have your data files on hand, so I did a couple quick one-liner experiments:
    perl -le '$x="foo"; $y="bar"; print $x $y' perl -le '$x="foo"; $y="bar"; print $x, $y'
    The first of those (without a comma) didn't print anything at all. The second one printed "foobar", as expected.

    In the first try, without the comma, the 'print' function is trying to interpret $x as a file handle, and failing. In the absence of use warnings;' there wasn't even a hint about the problem, but a third experiment was more instructive:

    perl -wle '$x="foo"; $y="bar"; print $x $y' print() on unopened filehandle foo at -e line 1.
    Given that sort of condition, the default (prudent) behavior is for the print function to do nothing at all.

    Sorry - total brain fart on on the stuff above. I forgot that $new was supposed to be a file handle. Oh well.

    UPDATE: Random Walk has apparently solved your problem, but here's a slightly different version of the same solution anyway... (possibly a bit less different from the OP code, possibly a little simpler, and, well, at least this allows my reply to have some usable content):

    use strict; use warnings; my $name = "name"; # open( my $rfh,'<', $entry ) or die "cannot open > $entry: $!"; open( my $new, '>', "$name\_new.txt" ) or die "cannot open: $!"; my $signal1 = "s_abc_out"; my $signal2 = "s_abc_in"; my $label = "label"; while ( <DATA> ) { # would be <$rfh> for you if ( /$signal2\(\d+\).*\s*<=\s*$signal1\(\d+\).*/ ) { for my $i ( 0 .. 6 ) { my $j = $i + 1; print $new "$signal2\_rrfa_$label($j) <= $signal1\_rrfa_$l +abel($i);\n"; } } else{ print $new $_; } } __DATA__ ................................. s_abc_in(1450) <= s_abc_out(324); s_abc_in(1451 <= s_abc_out(1450); .................................
      That was not the solution. If you test the original code with some debug values on the variables, the lower branch is writing to the file as supposed.

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