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Re: constraining the keys of a HashRef in Moose

by tobyink (Abbot)
on Aug 29, 2013 at 17:49 UTC ( #1051494=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to constraining the keys of a HashRef in Moose

package Test::HashK; use Moose; use Types::Standard qw( Dict Optional Int ); use Types::ReadOnly qw( Locked ); my $colour_hash = Locked[ Dict[ red => Optional[Int], blue => Optional[Int], green => Optional[Int], ], ]; has scores => ( is => 'rw', isa => $colour_hash, default => sub{ {} }, coerce => 1, ); __PACKAGE__->meta->make_immutable; package main; my $thk = Test::HashK->new(scores => { green => 0 }); $thk->scores->{red} = 2000; $thk->scores->{bloo} = 'tobyink'; # dies

PS: this is my 2000th post to PerlMonks!

use Moops; class Cow :rw { has name => (default => 'Ermintrude') }; say Cow->new->name


Comment on Re: constraining the keys of a HashRef in Moose
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Re^2: constraining the keys of a HashRef in Moose
by Your Mother (Canon) on Aug 29, 2013 at 23:04 UTC
    PS: this is my 2000th post to PerlMonks!

    Congratulations. We are lucky to count you among us, IMO, YMMV, IIRC, TIMTOWTDI, IANAL, etc. Took me 10 years. Not jealous though. Not a bit. You deserve the success. And sports cars and fancy desserts and nice clothes and emu farms and everything else I ever wanted that you’ve beaten me at^H^H to… I'm just going to go in the other room and chop onions for a bit.

      Thanks kennethk and tobyink - really helpful.

      kennethk: I did think of making the hash into an object as per your first suggestion, but this would mean creating a large number of new packages (I think! The real situation is more complex than the simplified example). Using Hash::Utils is a very good idea though - this does what I need perfectly.

      tobyink: nice - this is the kind of Moosey thing I had in mind in the first place. There seem a great many packages which *might* be relevant (to me starting out at least) so its very helpful to know which someone experienced would pick. Congratulations on your 2000th post!

        It could mean a large number of new packages, but that doesn't necessarily mean a large number of new files. If I have a type that is only going to appear once as the field value of another type, I will frequently put the object declaration, a.k.a. the package, in the same file. This avoids the type of file proliferation you are concerned about, while still leveraging the full power of the Moose type system.

        #11929 First ask yourself `How would I do this without a computer?' Then have the computer do it the same way.

Re^2: constraining the keys of a HashRef in Moose
by tomgracey (Beadle) on Sep 02, 2013 at 08:53 UTC

    Hi Tobyink,

    thanks for your help earlier and for recommending the very useful Types::Standard and Types::ReadOnly modules - which I now believe you wrote (?) so i hope you dont mind me bugging you with a related question!

    Suppose I have a module with the code you suggested:

    my $colour_hash = Locked[ Dict[ red => Optional[Int], blue => Optional[Int], green => Optional[Int], ], ]; has scores => ( is => 'rw', isa => $colour_hash, default => sub{ {} }, coerce => 1, );

    but now I have another package which inherits from this one. Is there any simple way to extend the list of allowed keys in the inherited class?

      I'd split out type constraint definitions into a separate type library module. Here's a quick example:

      use strict; use warnings; # thanks.pm is a shim for declaring multiple packages in the same file +. # It's on CPAN if you want it. Otherwise, just split them into separat +e # files. no thanks qw( MyApp::Types MyApp::Printer MyApp::Printer::ThreeColour MyApp::Printer::FourColour ); BEGIN { package MyApp::Types; use Type::Library -base, -declare => qw( ThreeColour FourColour ); use Type::Utils; use Types::Standard -types; use Types::ReadOnly -types; declare ThreeColour, as Locked[ Dict[ cyan => Optional[Num], magenta => Optional[Num], yellow => Optional[Num], ] ], coercion => 1; # black is referred to as "key" in CYMK printing. presumably becau +se # using a name that abbreviated to "B" would be confused with "blu +e". declare FourColour, as Locked[ Dict[ @{ ThreeColour->parent->wrapped->parameters }, # voodoo? key => Optional[Num], ] ], coercion => 1; }; BEGIN { package MyApp::Printer; use Moose::Role; # Let's assume the printer is only capable of printing one pixel. has pixel => (is => 'ro'); sub dump { require Data::Dumper; Data::Dumper::Dumper(@_); } }; BEGIN { package MyApp::Printer::ThreeColour; use MyApp::Types -types; use Moose; with qw(MyApp::Printer); has '+pixel' => (isa => ThreeColour, coerce => 1); }; BEGIN { package MyApp::Printer::FourColour; use MyApp::Types -types; use Moose; with qw(MyApp::Printer); has '+pixel' => (isa => FourColour, coerce => 1); }; my $printer = 'MyApp::Printer::FourColour'->new( pixel => { cyan => 9.4, magenta => 7, yellow => 4 }, ); print($printer->dump); $printer->pixel->{key} = 9; # ok print($printer->dump); $printer->pixel->{black} = 6; # dies
      use Moops; class Cow :rw { has name => (default => 'Ermintrude') }; say Cow->new->name
        Very informative and I appreciate you taking the time to explain... many thanks!

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