So you are running on Windows, your DBD::ODBC is a unicode supprting build and you are using the MS SQL Server native client driver.
We still don't know your DBI and DBD::ODBC versions. I slightly feel you are drip feeding us information.
As far as I can see that log is showing chinese characters returned. Characters 临, 床, 科 and 室 all look like chinese unicode characters. When you fetch that column you can pass it to data_string_desc and DBI will show you more information. If you do what graff told you and your terminal is set up correctly you should be able to print that string.