in reply to
Re: Class confusion when testing using ref()
in thread Class confusion when testing using ref()
People teaching OO feel the need to teach inheritance and they tend to make a big deal of it. This leaves most students of OO with the very unfortunate habit of starting any design project with one of the foremost questions in their mind being "which classes should inherit from which other classes?". So it isn't surprising that I often see uses of inheritance that seem very stretched.
OO design is done much, much better when inheritance is a last resort (or just avoided entirely). [In languages with interfaces, inheritance is sometimes used to apply interfaces, but it is an implementation detail that inheritance is used for that and it is not really a use of real inheritance and not something that one needs to avoid when using such languages.]