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How do I test the deep equality of two hash tables?

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Contributed by acser on Oct 26, 2001 at 02:19 UTC
Q&A  > hashes


Description:

See node: How to test equality of hashes?

Edit - Petruchio Tue Oct 30 17:35:05 UTC 2001: Corrected link format

Answer: How do I test the deep equality of two hash tables?
contributed by cmeyer

Another way to compare to arbitrarily complex data structures is to use canonical serialization. Storable is one module that provides this capability.

For example:

use Storable; sub deeply_equal { my ( $a_ref, $b_ref ) = @_; local $Storable::canonical = 1; return Storable::freeze( $a_ref ) eq Storable::freeze( $b_ref ); }
Answer: How do I test the deep equality of two hash tables?
contributed by fergal

Test::Deep provides deep comparisons of any data structures, including hashes. It is also capable of very advanced testing - what regular expressions do for strings, Test::Deep does for data structures.

use Test::Deep; if (eq_deeply($hash1, $hash2)) { print "they match" }

The fancy stuff comes in when you do something like

$animals = set("cat", "dog"); $people = set("john", "mary"); $a_p = set($animals, $people); print eq_deeply($structure, $a_p);
Ths is an example of testing set equality. It tests that $structure is an array with 2 elemenents (in any order) where each of those elements is an array with 2 elements, one containiing "cat" and "dog" (in any order) the other containing "john" and "mary" (in any order)

When used as part of the Test::Builder framework it gives diagnostics on where the structures differed.

Answer: How do I test the deep equality of two hash tables?
contributed by Roy Johnson

This does all the straightforward tests, and warns and returns undef on stuff it can't reliably compare (like code refs). Would probably be better to use UNIVERSAL::isa rather than ref.

sub deep_eq { my ($a, $b) = @_; if (not defined $a) { return not defined $b } elsif (not defined $b) { return 0 } elsif (not ref $a) { $a eq $b } elsif ($a eq $b) { return 1 } elsif (ref $a ne ref $b) { return 0 } elsif (ref $a eq 'SCALAR') { $$a eq $$b } elsif (ref $a eq 'ARRAY') { if (@$a == @$b) { for (0..$#$a) { my $rval; return $rval unless ($rval = deep_eq($a->[$_], $b->[$_ +])); } return 1; } else { return 0 } } elsif (ref $a eq 'HASH') { if (keys %$a == keys %$b) { for (keys %$a) { my $rval; return $rval unless ($rval = deep_eq($a->{$_}, $b->{$_ +})); } return 1; } else { return 0 } } elsif (ref $a eq ref $b) { warn 'Cannot test '.(ref $a)."\n"; un +def } else { return 0 } }

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