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How do I sort a multidimensional arrays?

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Contributed by Anonymous Monk on May 28, 2000 at 21:42 UTC
Q&A  > sorting


Description:

I have an array of arrays which I need to sort according to the value of the second element of the anonymous arrays that are being referenced by the named array. (did that make sense?) How do I do this exactly?
@array = [8,9,10], [4,5,6], [7,8,9]; # This is the array of arrays I need to sort # by second elements. # Magic step goes here.... # I need to end up with an array like @sorted: @sorted = [4,5,6], [7,8,9], [8,9,10];

Answer: How do I sort a multidimensional arrays?
contributed by reptile

@array = ([8,9,10], [4,5,6], [7,8,9]); @sorted = sort { $a->[1] <=> $b->[1] } @array

Updated and fixed thanks merlyn.

Answer: How do I sort a multidimensional arrays?
contributed by chromatic

To expand a bit on reptile's answer, you can provide your own subroutine reference to sort. In the subroutine, $a and $b are provided and localized special variables used for comparing two elements to each other. In the code snippet, they're array references, and the special arrow notation is just a way of getting at the second element of each. See sort for more details.

Answer: How do I sort a multidimensional arrays?
contributed by tlm

In answer to the somewhat more difficult question in Answer: How do I sort a multidimensional arrays?:

If you seek a one-liner answer, I don't know what it is, but if you just want to get the job done, then simply transpose the matrix, apply the earlier solution (for ordering according to the n-th row elements), and then transpose back. I.e., for the general case of a non-square matrix,

sub transpose { map { my $j = $_; [ map $_[$_][$j], 0..$#_ ] } 0..$#{$_[0]}; } my @array = ([8, 9, 10], [6, 5, 4], [7, 8, 9]); my @sorted = transpose sort { $a->[1] <=> $b->[1] } transpose @array;
kj
Answer: How do I sort a multidimensional arrays?
contributed by flope

What about to sort a multidimensional array using the elements of @{$array[1]}?

@array = [8,9,10], [6,5,4], [7,8,9]; @sorted = [10,9,8], [4,5,6], [9,8,7];

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