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Poor man's email address validation function

by Jorge_de_Burgos (Sexton)
on Jun 26, 2004 at 20:16 UTC ( #369867=snippet: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
Description: I am pretty new to Perl. I already love it! I needed to validate what a human operator states it is his email address, and I needed to avoid module installation. I have been tuning this function for a while and it seems to be quite good both in picking out bad formed addresses and in giving very few false positives. I hope it can be useful to someone. I would thank those who can suggest improvements too.
sub es_email_mal_formado {
  my $x = $_[0];
  if ($x =~ m/[^\w\@\.\-]/)    {return "Incluye un carácter prohibido"
  if ($x =~ m/\W\W/)           {return "Tiene dos no alfanuméricos seg
  if ($x =~ m/\@.+\@/)         {return "Tiene más de una arroba"};
  if (! ($x =~ m/\w\@\w/))     {return "No tiene arroba precedida y se
+guida de alfanumérico"};
  if (! ($x =~ m/\w\.\w/))     {return "No tiene punto precedido y seg
+uido de alfanumérico"};
  if (! ($x =~ m/\@.+\./))     {return "No tiene punto en la parte que
+ sigue a la arroba"};
  if ($x =~ m/^\W/)            {return "Empieza en no alfanumérico"};
  if (! ($x =~ m/\.\w{2,4}$/)) {return "No tiene \"de 2 a 4 alfanuméri
+cos\" al final"};
  if ($x =~ m/(\@|\.).\.\w+$/) {return "Tiene una sola letra antes del
+ último punto"};
  return 0;
Replies are listed 'Best First'.
•Re: Poor man's email address validation function
by merlyn (Sage) on Jun 27, 2004 at 01:47 UTC
    That's utterly and completely wrong with respect to "forbidden characters". For example, it invalidates any email address that has a gatewayed "local part" that contains a foreign (non RFC822) address, or addresses that I use to keep mail from getting scraped. For example, my fund responder is no longer, but fund*, and you've just ruled that address out.

    -- Randal L. Schwartz, Perl hacker
    Be sure to read my standard disclaimer if this is a reply.

      Thanks Randal for your comments. Can you show me an example of an email address that has a gatewayed local part that contains a foreign (non RFC822) address? I just cannot figure out what that looks like.

        Or my e-mail address:!jns@localhost



Re: Poor man's email address validation function
by rob_au (Abbot) on Jun 26, 2004 at 22:56 UTC
    Some code based upon code from Email::Valid::Loose ...
    my $esc = '\\\\'; my $period = '\.'; my $space = '\040'; my $open_br = '\['; my $close_br = '\]'; my $nonASCII = '\x80-\xff'; my $ctrl = '\000-\037'; my $cr_list = '\n\015'; my $qtext = qq/[^$esc$nonASCII$cr_list\"]/; # " my $dtext = qq/[^$esc$nonASCII$cr_list$open_br$close_br]/; my $quoted_pair = qq<$esc>.qq<[^$nonASCII]>; my $atom_char = qq/[^($space)<>\@,;:\".$esc$open_br$close_br$ctrl$no +nASCII]/; my $atom = qq<$atom_char+(?!$atom_char)>; my $quoted_str = qq<\"$qtext*(?:$quoted_pair$qtext*)*\">; my $word = qq<(?:$atom|$quoted_str)>; my $domain_ref = $atom; my $domain_lit = qq<$open_br(?:$dtext|$quoted_pair)*$close_br>; my $sub_domain = qq<(?:$domain_ref|$domain_lit)>; my $domain = qq<$sub_domain(?:$period$sub_domain)*>; my $local_part = qq<$word(?:$word|$period)*>; my $Addr_spec_re = qr<$local_part\@$domain>; # Is an address valid? if ( $address =~ /^$Addr_spec_re$/o ) { # Yes } else { # No }


    perl -le "print unpack'N', pack'B32', '00000000000000000000001011100110'"

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