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Matrix Multiplication Problem

by RolandGunslinger (Curate)
on Sep 02, 2004 at 17:48 UTC ( #388017=perlquestion: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
RolandGunslinger has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

I have a small script to multiply two matrices together (and no this is not homework, I'm just puttering around with Perl). I have a problem with it that I have been unable to resolve.
matrix_count_rows_cols($r_mat1) is consistently returning 0 rows and 0 columns. Not sure why. Any ideas? (Please keep in mind I'm still pretty green when it comes to Perl). Thanks in advance

use strict 'vars'; use strict 'subs'; use warnings; my @matrix1=( [1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6], [7, 8, 9] ); my @matrix2=( [2, 4, 6], [1, 3, 5], [7, 8, 9] ); print "matrix1=\n"; for (my $i=0;$i le 2;$i++) { for (my $j=0;$j le 2;$j++) { print $matrix1[$i][$j]," "; } print "\n"; } print "matrix2=\n"; for (my $i=0;$i le 2;$i++) { for (my $j=0;$j le 2;$j++) { print $matrix2[$i][$j]," "; } print "\n"; } my @product=matrix_multiply(@matrix1,@matrix2); print "product=\n"; for (my $i=0;$i le 2;$i++) { for (my $j=0;$j le 2;$j++) { print $product[$i][$j]," "; } print "\n"; } sub matrix_multiply { my ($r_mat1,$r_mat2)=@_; my ($r_product); my ($r1,$c1)=matrix_count_rows_cols($r_mat1); my ($r2,$c2)=matrix_count_rows_cols($r_mat2); print $c1,$c2,"\n"; print $r1,$r2,"\n"; die "matrix 1 has $c1 columns and matrix 2 has $r2 rows>" . " Cannot multiply\n" unless ($c1==$r2); for (my $i=0;$i<$r1;$i++) { for (my $j=0;$j<$c2;$j++) { my $sum=0; for (my $k=0;$k<$c1;$k++) { $sum+=$r_mat1->[$i][$k]*$r_mat2->[$k][$j]; } $r_product->[$i][$j]=$sum; } } $r_product; } sub matrix_count_rows_cols { my ($r_mat)=@_; my $num_rows=@$r_mat; my $num_cols=@{$r_mat->[0]}; ($num_rows,$num_cols); }

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re: Matrix Multiplication Problem
by Roy Johnson (Monsignor) on Sep 02, 2004 at 17:59 UTC
    my @product=matrix_multiply(@matrix1,@matrix2); should be my @product=matrix_multiply(\@matrix1,\@matrix2);

    Also, your comparisons are should use < instead of le. And matrix_multiply should doesn't return an array, but an array ref.

    Caution: Contents may have been coded under pressure.
      Thanks Roy, that did it!
Re: Matrix Multiplication Problem
by csuhockey3 (Curate) on Sep 02, 2004 at 18:02 UTC
Re: Matrix Multiplication Problem
by ikegami (Pope) on Sep 02, 2004 at 17:58 UTC

    One small problem:

    my @product = matrix_multiply(@matrix1, @matrix2);

    should be

    my @product = @{ matrix_multiply(\@matrix1, \@matrix2) };

    The former is the same as:

    my @product = matrix_multiply( $matrix1[0], $matrix1[1], $matrix1[2], $matrix2[0], $matrix2[1], $matrix2[2] ); # @product has only one element. # $product[0] is a ref to the resulting matrix
Re: Matrix Multiplication Problem
by cyocum (Curate) on Sep 02, 2004 at 23:28 UTC

    You may also want to look into Perl Data Language which is specifically made for working with matrices.

      And one can have fun parallelizing PDL with the powerful Many-core Engine (MCE) for Perl. The read me file contains benchmark results performing matrix multiplication across many cores.

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