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Re: Generating XML from a template

by edan (Curate)
on Dec 14, 2004 at 07:32 UTC ( #414632=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Generating XML from a template

I also think HTML::Template will probably do the job. The only thing that might bite you is XML escaping - as the name implies, the module is intended for HTML documents, not XML. But it does support HTML escaping, and that will probably suffice. Here's a little example to get you started.

# file use HTML::Template; use strict; use warnings; my $template = HTML::Template->new(filename => 'test.tmpl'); # params $template->param(tag1 => '<tag1_test_value>'); $template->param(tag2 => '<tag2_test_value>'); print $template->output(); # file test.tmpl <root> <tag1><TMPL_VAR ESCAPE=HTML tag1></tag1> <tag2><TMPL_VAR ESCAPE=HTML tag2></tag2> </root> # output <root> <tag1>&lt;tag1_test_value&gt;</tag1> <tag2>&lt;tag2_test_value&gt;</tag2> </root>

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Re^2: Generating XML from a template
by piyush.shourie (Beadle) on Dec 23, 2004 at 10:39 UTC
    Hi Edan,

    It looks like a very comfortable solution to the problem posed. However if you deeply look at the real-life XML scenario, an XML may have multiple nodes with the same name. For example:

    <root> <tag1> <commontag>XXX</commontag> </tag1> <tag2> <commontag>YYY</commontag> </tag2> <tag3> <commontag>ZZZ</commontag> </tag3> </root>

    In such a complex scenario, we might not be able to use the solution suggested here.
    However since I was short on time, I have used the XML::XPath module to populate the template as XPath queries identify each node and attribute uniquely.

    There may be some better solution to the problem, and would really appreciate if someone can share it with me.


      Hi. I'm not sure I understand what is so complex about your scenario. Perhaps you can provide more exact details about your input and output in your real-life scenario, and then we'd have some common ground to go on.

      To get your output, you can easily modify the code I gave you:

      # file use HTML::Template; use strict; use warnings; my $template = HTML::Template->new(filename => 'test.tmpl'); # params $template->param(tag1_common => 'XXX'); $template->param(tag2_common => 'YYY'); $template->param(tag3_common => 'ZZZ'); print $template->output(); # file test.tmpl <root> <tag1> <commontag><TMPL_VAR ESCAPE=HTML tag1_common></commontag> </tag1> <tag2> <commontag><TMPL_VAR ESCAPE=HTML tag2_common></commontag> </tag2> <tag3> <commontag><TMPL_VAR ESCAPE=HTML tag3_common></commontag> </tag3> </root> # output <root> <tag1> <commontag>XXX</commontag> </tag1> <tag2> <commontag>YYY</commontag> </tag2> <tag3> <commontag>ZZZ</commontag> </tag3> </root>

      But perhaps what you're really asking about is the ability to have loops in your template. Well, if you would read the docs, you'd find you can do that too! Perhaps you're looking for something along these lines:

      # file use HTML::Template; use strict; use warnings; my $template = HTML::Template->new(filename => 'test.tmpl'); my @xml = ( { parent => 'tag1', common_value => 'XXX', }, { parent => 'tag2', common_value => 'YYY', }, { parent => 'tag3', common_value => 'XXX', }, ); # params $template->param( loop => \@xml ); print $template->output(); # file test.tmpl <root> <TMPL_LOOP loop> <<TMPL_VAR parent>> <commontag><TMPL_VAR ESCAPE=HTML common_value></commontag> </<TMPL_VAR parent>> </TMPL_LOOP> </root> # output <root> <tag1> <commontag>XXX</commontag> </tag1> <tag2> <commontag>YYY</commontag> </tag2> <tag3> <commontag>XXX</commontag> </tag3> </root>

      Again, I'm just guessing here, since you're not providing enough detail about your actual needs.


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