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localtime array slice problem

by InfiniteSilence (Curate)
on Jan 11, 2001 at 20:25 UTC ( #51141=perlquestion: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??
InfiniteSilence has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

The perldoc on localtime tells that its results are "returned by the time function to a 9-element array ", but my attempts to do the following in ActivePerl return no results:

perl -e "print @{localtime}[1,3];"
I thought perhaps you couldn't force list context out of the return value from a function:
perl -e "sub m {return (1,2,3);} print @{&m}[0,1];" #fails
perl -e "sub m {@q=(1,2,3); return \@q;} print @{&m}[0,1];" #succeeds
Pardon my ignorance on all this. I am testing out stuff I am learning from Effective Perl Programming (this book rocks) on array slices.

Celebrate Intellectual Diversity

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Re: localtime array slice problem
by dchetlin (Friar) on Jan 11, 2001 at 20:33 UTC
    The @ as a dereferencing operator (as you are using it) expects a reference, and thus puts its argument in scalar context. The return value of localtime in scalar context is a scalar (a string, to be precise). You want localtime to be called in list context.

    What you're looking for is (localtime)[1,3]. This causes localtime to be called in list context, and then takes elements 1 and 3 from the resultant list. However, be extra careful with that syntax when using it with print -- perl -e'print (localtime)[1,3]' won't work because it's interpreted as calling print with the argument localtime. Try either enclosing the whole slice in an extra set of parens, or putting a `+' in front of the first paren.

    The reason your last example works is that you're return a single value from your subroutine, namely a reference to an array. @{...} dereferences that array, and then the slice grabs the elements you want from it. You could fix your first subroutine example similarly to the localtime fix.

    Finally, and I know this is just an example, be very careful about naming subroutines `m'. It can cause some painful ambiguity with the m operator.


Re: localtime array slice problem
by I0 (Priest) on Jan 11, 2001 at 20:35 UTC
    print @{[localtime]}[1,3]; or print ((localtime)[1,3]);
Re: localtime array slice problem
by ChOas (Curate) on Jan 11, 2001 at 20:36 UTC
    #!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; my @List=(localtime)[1,3]; print @List;
    result: 3311

    your code with 'use strict':
    Ambiguous use of @{localtime} resolved to @localtime at ./tmp line 6. Global symbol "@localtime" requires explicit package name at ./tmp lin +e 6. Execution of ./tmp aborted due to compilation errors.

    Start with using strict... build from there, it will tell you
    when you are REALLY messing up


    print "profeth still\n" if /bird|devil/;
      Good point about trying new things out inside of a script with warnings and use strict on. In this case, since I already knew that localtime is a function, I was able to use the following to get right past both -w and use strict:
      #!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; print @{localtime()}[1,3]; 1;
      Running this as
      perl -c
      checks out okay, but running it tells me that I "Can't use string ("Thu Jan 11.... as an ARRAY ref while in strict subs..."

      Quick question: Why did -c pass where running the script generates the uncaught exception?-

      Celebrate Intellectual Diversity

        Can't use string %s as %s ref while "strict refs" in use is a runtime error. -c is only for catching compile-time errors.

        There are many, many errors that can occur when a script is running but don't prevent the script from compiling. Here's another example:

        $x = 0; $y = 7 / $x;

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