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Automatically running series of Perl programs

by neversaint (Deacon)
on Mar 09, 2006 at 14:51 UTC ( #535398=perlquestion: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
neversaint has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

Dear Masters,
I have 3 Perl codes, let's call them:,, All of them would run sequentially starting from So normally I would do this three lines manually, waiting for each code to finish to get to the final result.
perl param1 > output1.txt perl output1.txt > output2.txt perl output2.txt > final_result.txt
My question is, how can one writes a single Perl script that would run those three codes automatically?

neversaint and everlastingly indebted.......

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re: Automatically running series of Perl programs
by philcrow (Priest) on Mar 09, 2006 at 14:58 UTC
    There are several ways including using backticks `` around each command. Most people probably prefer using the system command. You could also open each program on a file handle:
    open PROG "perl param1 | " or die "...";
    Then you can handle the io.

    You could also simplify your three steps into one and write a shell script (did I really suggest that?):

    perl foo.perl param1 | perl | perl > result.txt


      Yeah, I think you really did suggest that. Furthermore, I'd suggest a shell script, too. I usually use Perl scripts rather than shell scripts even when a shell script would do quite well enough, but this really strikes me as something simple enough that using Perl is complete overkill and a waste of time, unless running the three other scripts in sequence is part of a larger algorithm somehow.

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Re: Automatically running series of Perl programs
by SamCG (Hermit) on Mar 09, 2006 at 14:59 UTC
    system ("perl param1 > output1.txt"); system ("perl output1.txt > output2.txt"); system ("perl output2.txt > final_result.txt");
    not work?
Re: Automatically running series of Perl programs
by radiantmatrix (Parson) on Mar 09, 2006 at 17:12 UTC

    Well, this is probably easier done as a shell script, but since you asked:

    use strict; use warnings; my %ops = ( 'foo' => ['param1','output1.txt'], 'bar' => ['output1.txt','output2.txt'], 'tins' => ['output2.txt','final_result.txt'], ); foreach (qw[foo bar tins]) { my $outfile = pop @{ $ops{$_} }; system( $^X, $_.'.pl', @{ $ops{$_} }, '>', $outfile); # $^X is per +l interp. }
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Re: Automatically running series of Perl programs
by duff (Parson) on Mar 09, 2006 at 16:13 UTC

    Another option in the TMTOWTDI department is to just stick those lines in a shell script (if on a unixish OS) or a batch file (if on a windowsish OS) or whatever is appropriate for you OS.

Re: Automatically running series of Perl programs
by smokemachine (Hermit) on Mar 09, 2006 at 15:58 UTC
    can't you use something like this?
    perl param1 | perl | perl > final_result.txt
    perl -e 'print "test"' | perl -ne 'print "--$_"' | perl -ne 'print "$_ +-- \n"' > final_result.txt

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