in reply to
What happens when I use a filehandle
You have already gotten good answers on why it is best to not open a filehandle before you need it, and why you should get in the habit of closing it when you are done.
Another advantage to closing the filehandle yourself rather than allowing the garbage collector to close it for you, is that you can check the return status. If all buffers could not be flushed when the close occurs, the only way you will know is if you run the close and check the status, like this pseudo-code:
close (FH) or die "Could not write all data to $file_or_pipe: $!";