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Re: Avoiding loading modules

by tsee (Curate)
on May 05, 2007 at 18:42 UTC ( #613757=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Avoiding loading modules

As others have pointed out, the two prominent methods of reducing start-up time are using require()+import() to load modules on-demand and Autoloader/Selfloader-like techniques. (Autoloader usually being faster than Selfloader, see Autoloader docs.)

My addition to this is mostly a remark about replacing use() with require()+import(): If run in a context where several instances of the same program are run in parallel and which can share memory, this reduces the amount of memory that can be shared. The most prominent case where this matters is if you have a CGI application which you later port to mod_perl. There is a solution to this, however. Please have a look at Adam Kennedy's "prefork" module on CPAN. The documentation explains things in detail.

Furthermore, you may reduce the time it takes to load a module by making sure the modules you load are found in the first directory in the list of search paths (@INC). As you probably know, perl will search for the .pm modules source files in several directories by default. If many of the modules are found in paths that are at the end of the @INC array, this may take some time depending on the speed of your file system. (Perhaps there is some caching involved to speed things up, but I'm not aware of that.)

Cheers,
Steffen


Comment on Re: Avoiding loading modules
Re^2: Avoiding loading modules
by djp (Hermit) on May 07, 2007 at 03:19 UTC
    Expanding on this, you should make sure your modules are loaded on a fast (usually local) drive, and that the fast drive directories are mentioned first in @INC. Startup can spend a lot of time executing stat(1) on networked directories, trying to locate '.pm' files. Ideally you should avoid having networked directories in @INC altogether.

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