Yes, all this theory is very nice, clean and organized, but it doesn't help me at all when I need to get a job done.
This is one part where I think it is essential to take a step back and forget everything you know about any programming languages you have learned.
Again, I disagree. First of all, you are talking about concepts very heavily tied to programming languages (in fact, all your expansions on the "gob" definition come back to programming languages). But really what you call a "gob" is nothing new or fantastical, but simply the product of "moduler decomposition". Modular decomposition is not specific to computer science of course, or even engineering. Many artistic disciplines use the technique, like music and painting.
And lastly, you have not really given a useful alternative to OO. You say you don't like it, but you have not shown a superior tool. Sure, we all hate zealots, but that is no reason to abandon OO and the 30+ years of research and usage in which it has grown and developed as a paradigm. But hey, if you want to go back to the 70s/early 80s and program in CLU or Pascal, be my guest.