Recently I had the opportunity to talk to many tech startup founders and none of them was using Perl. I don't know how representative was that sample (it was on the level of 'dozens') - but it looks for me that while Perl is used in the established businesses it is virtually not present at all in new companies.
Re^2: What can bring the excitement back to Perl?
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Did you ask them what technology they were using? And why? And was the answer "Because it is exciting"?
A program should be light and agile, its subroutines connected like a string of pearls. The spirit and intent of the program should be retained throughout. There should be neither too little or too much, neither needless loops nor useless variables, neither lack of structure nor overwhelming rigidity." - The Tao of Programming, 4.1 - Geoffrey James
Yes I did ask them (I was kind of looking for a potential job). In general what they used was Rails, Python (I think Django), PHP, Haskel and Erlang. I did not ask directly about the reasons - but sometimes they did talk about it spontaneously and the reasons were different for each one just like the exact technology they used.