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why dosn't my code work?

by Anonymous Monk
on Apr 21, 2009 at 06:44 UTC ( #758881=perlquestion: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??
Anonymous Monk has asked for the wisdom of the Perl Monks concerning the following question:

Btw this i'm just coding for fun.
print "What is your name?\n"; chomp($name = <>); print "Thank you $name. What is your age?"\n; chomp($age = <>); if ($age <= 18) { print "Are you a boy or girl?\n"; print "Type M or F.\n";} elsif ($age > 18) { print "Are you a man or woman?\n"; print "Type M or F.\n";} chomp($char = <>); if ($char == m || $char == M){ $gender = male;} elsif ($char == f || $char == F){ $gender = female;} print "\n\n\n"; print "Name: $name\n"; print "Age: $age\n"; print "Gender: $gender\n\n"; <>

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Re: why dosn't my code work?
by moritz (Cardinal) on Apr 21, 2009 at 06:48 UTC
    == is for comparing numbers, eq is for comparing strings. See perlop.

    (And in general it's helpful to tell us in what way your code "doesn't work").

      Additionally comparing to a fixed text need that value in quotes
      if ($value eq "string")
        While it is correct that one should quote strings, it's by no means required (unless one uses strict, which again is highly recommended).
        $ perl -E 'if (foo eq "foo") { say STDOUT yes } ' yes

        I really don't recommend it, but it does work without quotes.

Re: why dosn't my code work?
by ELISHEVA (Prior) on Apr 21, 2009 at 07:14 UTC
    Btw this i'm just coding for fun.

    Maybe then you don't need our help? and we should spend our time on people who are coding because they are trying to learn, or trying to earn a living, or trying to help someone else earn a living? Or even trying to fulfill a life-long dream as software inventor?

    I would hope that you are trying to learn something from this "fun". What output are you getting? What do you mean "doesn't work"? We can't read your mind.

    If I were to make a vague guess here, you are trying to read three things (name, age, gender) from STDIN. You then print out three new lines to STDOUT. You think that printing those new lines should send stuff to STDIN. And that the stuff will be automatically read and printed out in the final three lines, just as if you hit the return key 3x on the keyboard.

    If so, some points to note:

    • chomp($name... female;} is not some sort of form definition that only gets activated when you issue the print "\n\n\n" or the <> at the bottom of your sample code. I can see how someone used to working with HTML might think that way, but this is procedural code. The steps happen in the same order that you write them. If you don't send something to standard in via the key board or command line, your program will hang at the first chomp($name=<>).
    • print "\n\n\n" sends data to STDOUT. This is a separate stream from STDIN (the thing that <> reads from). Even if the program reached this line (which it won't because it hangs at the first chomp($name=<>)), data sent to STDOUT would normally never be seen by something reading from STDIN.

    Best, beth

      chomp($name... female;} is not some sort of form definition that only gets activated when you issue the print "\n\n\n" or the <> at the bottom of your sample code. I can see how someone used to working with HTML might think that way, but this is procedural code.

      That speculation about the OP's thinking seems a little far-fetched to me. I'd say the structure of the code looks like a rather straightforward attempt at something that's supposed to sequentially ask the user a couple of questions, and print out a summary at the end. Just like those typical exercises you find in many introductory textbooks on programming. Or like a simple interactive install script querying some parameters.  I presume the OP is well aware of the procedural characteristic, and that <return> needs to be hit after every answer. And the print "\n\n\n"; was presumably just intended to create three lines of vertical space between the input and output section. (Only the OP can tell, though...)

      The reasons the script 'doesn't work' is just a couple of newbie glitches like using == in place of eq, an \n-outside-of-string typo, or suboptimal things like using barewords instead of properly quoted strings. With those fixed, the script works fine as is.

      A corrected version could look like this (which would also run under use strict):

      use strict; print "What is your name?\n"; chomp(my $name = <>); print "Thank you $name. What is your age?\n"; chomp(my $age = <>); if ($age <= 18) { print "Are you a boy or girl?\n";} elsif ($age > 18) { print "Are you a man or woman?\n";} print "Type M or F.\n"; chomp(my $char = <>); my $gender = 'unknown'; if ($char eq 'm' || $char eq 'M'){ $gender = 'male';} elsif ($char eq 'f' || $char eq 'F'){ $gender = 'female';} print "\n\n\n"; print "Name: $name\n"; print "Age: $age\n"; print "Gender: $gender\n\n"; <>; __END__ What is your name? Almut Thank you Almut. What is your age? 17 :) Are you a boy or girl? Type M or F. f Name: Almut Age: 17 :) Gender: female

      Due to Perl's convenient string-number conversions, it even accepts age input which is not strictly numeric (with use warnings, you'd get a warning, though).

      Just two more remarks:

      As the two inequality tests if ($age <= 18) and elsif ($age > 18) are complementary, the latter condition seems superfluous1. You might argue that it's ok for documentary purposes, but from a maintainability point of view, it's preferable to just use a plain if (...) { } else { }, because then you wouldn't need to worry about keeping the two conditions in sync, should the critical age ever need to be changed.

      On the other hand, the code handling the gender answer might additionally want to provide some defined outcome (e.g. "unknown") in case the user enters something unexpected like 'h'.

      ___

      1  this kinda reminds me of the following snippet of C++ code once posted on The Daily WTF  ;)

      bool is_true(bool val) { if (val == true) return true; else if (val == false) return false; else return !true && !false; }

      (from memory)

        I think your and moritz's read (the bit about eq) is most likely what the OP meant by "not working". moritz and I were writing our posts about the same time. I missed the eq/== problem when I read the OP's code and didn't see moritz's post until after I posted mine.

        I rather suspect I got distracted by the "just for fun" comment coupled with the lack of explanation of what didn't work. For a few seconds I actually thought the post was maybe even a well-meant spoof of some of our less articulate questions.

        But then on second thought it felt trivializing, though I honestly wasn't sure who or what was being trivialized: the OP's own curiosity in learning Perl or our efforts at answers. One should never trivialize efforts at learning - even if that learning is only for pleasure. Some would argue that learning (and coding) for pleasure is in fact the purest form of learning and the *least* deserving of trivialization.

        Best, beth

Re: why dosn't my code work?
by cdarke (Prior) on Apr 21, 2009 at 12:12 UTC
    As a general guide, when you ask the question "Why doesn't my code work" then you should define what "work" means. In other word, describe what you expect to happen.
    Then try to describe what actually happened. The difference between the two gives a clue as to the problem. Often the act of writing down a description of the problem will give you the answer. Or at least make it easier for others to help.
Re: why dosn't my code work?
by RyuMaou (Deacon) on Apr 21, 2009 at 13:48 UTC
    I know it's been mostly said already, but, may I suggest you check the FAQ on submitting questions?

    How do I post a question effectively?

    You've got the code there, and that's nice, but, as the FAQ I linked to says, "State exactly what the problem is. Be precise about the correct behavior / desired output."

    I'm just sayin'.

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