and I wonder, how does it not seem to take them established programmers that much of time and how amazingly do they go about it when they were learning Perl
Do you remember back when you were in school, and learned how to add numbers, it was quite difficult? And yet there are people how solve differential equations on a daily basis.
Or do you remember how hard it was to keep balance when you first learned how to ride a bike? And yet there are people how can keep balance on a unicycle, and juggle at the same time.
How? Through practice, of course, and by taking small steps, and getting good advice and looking at good examples.