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Re: Why is "for" much slower than "while"?

by gam3 (Curate)
on Jan 17, 2010 at 01:34 UTC ( #817806=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to Why is "for" much slower than "while"?

I ran some benchmarks and I the real answer is that while <..> has been finely tuned. On a large file it is almost as fast as foreach over a list.

/dev/null
               Rate        for     whyfor      while while_list   for_list
for        374878/s         --       -13%       -15%       -55%       -62%
whyfor     433016/s        16%         --        -2%       -48%       -56%
while      442469/s        18%         2%         --       -47%       -55%
while_list 833025/s       122%        92%        88%         --       -16%
for_list   991880/s       165%       129%       124%        19%         --

/usr/share/dict/words
             Rate        for while_list     whyfor      while   for_list
for        4.80/s         --       -35%       -37%       -38%       -43%
while_list 7.40/s        54%         --        -2%        -5%       -13%
whyfor     7.57/s        58%         2%         --        -2%       -11%
while      7.75/s        62%         5%         2%         --        -9%
for_list   8.48/s        77%        15%        12%         9%         --

/etc/passwd
              Rate        for     whyfor      while while_list   for_list
for        14440/s         --       -13%       -16%       -24%       -49%
whyfor     16599/s        15%         --        -4%       -12%       -42%
while      17224/s        19%         4%         --        -9%       -39%
while_list 18915/s        31%        14%        10%         --       -33%
for_list   28442/s        97%        71%        65%        50%         --
#!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use Benchmark qw( cmpthese ); foreach my $file qw ( /dev/null /usr/share/dict/words /etc/passwd ) { open my $IN1, '<', $file or die "could not open $file"; my @list = <$IN1>; seek( $IN1, 0, 0 ); print "$file\n"; cmpthese( -5, { for_list => sub { my %counts = (); ++$counts{$_} for @list; die unless keys %counts == @list; }, while_list => sub { my $x = 0; my %counts = (); ++$counts{$_} while defined( $_ = $list[ $x++ ] ); die unless keys %counts == @list; }, for => sub { seek( $IN1, 0, 0 ); my %counts = (); ++$counts{$_} for <$IN1>; die unless keys %counts == @list; }, while => sub { seek( $IN1, 0, 0 ); my %counts = (); ++$counts{$_} while <$IN1>; die unless keys %counts == @list; }, whyfor => sub { seek( $IN1, 0, 0 ); my %counts = (); for ( ; defined( $_ = <$IN1> ) ; ) { ++$counts{$_}; } die unless keys %counts == @list; }, } ); }
-- gam3
A picture is worth a thousand words, but takes 200K.


Comment on Re: Why is "for" much slower than "while"?
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Re^2: Why is "for" much slower than "while"?
by Anonymous Monk on Jan 17, 2010 at 01:52 UTC
    Try
    whyfor2 => sub { seek( $IN1, 0, 0 ); my %counts = (); ++$counts{$_} for ( ; defined( $_ = <$IN1> ) ; ) ; die unless keys %counts == @list; },
Re^2: Why is "for" much slower than "while"?
by Xiong (Hermit) on Jan 24, 2010 at 00:08 UTC

    My results from gam3's script, second version:

    /dev/null
                    Rate        for     whyfor      while while_list   for_list
    for         280029/s         --       -16%       -17%       -73%       -74%
    whyfor      333697/s        19%         --        -1%       -68%       -69%
    while       338448/s        21%         1%         --       -68%       -69%
    while_list 1050567/s       275%       215%       210%         --        -3%
    for_list   1079903/s       286%       224%       219%         3%         --
    /usr/share/dict/words
                 Rate        for     whyfor while_list      while   for_list
    for        3.67/s         --       -39%       -41%       -42%       -51%
    whyfor     5.99/s        63%         --        -4%        -5%       -21%
    while_list 6.26/s        71%         5%         --        -0%       -17%
    while      6.27/s        71%         5%         0%         --       -17%
    for_list   7.56/s       106%        26%        21%        21%         --
    /etc/passwd
                  Rate     whyfor        for while_list      while   for_list
    whyfor     13584/s         --       -13%       -17%       -30%       -56%
    for        15664/s        15%         --        -5%       -19%       -49%
    while_list 16411/s        21%         5%         --       -15%       -47%
    while      19273/s        42%        23%        17%         --       -38%
    for_list   30882/s       127%        97%        88%        60%         --
    

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