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(code) Just Another Net::FTP Script

by ybiC (Prior)
on Jun 20, 2001 at 07:12 UTC ( #89905=sourcecode: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??

Category: FTP stuff
Author/Contact Info ybiC
Description: One of our serverdudes asked me for help this afternoon with automating an FTP transfer from one of his NT servers to another department's UNIX host.   With an ever-so-slightly-evil "Perl can do that!" at the ready, I whipped up this ditty.   I'm rather pleased at finally being able to "just whip up some Perl".   {grin}
  • Non-interactive script to upload a file to specified FTP server.
  • Intended to be run repeatedly from (cron|at|scheduler).
  • Logs success or failure with timestamp and Perl+module versions.
  • Would be trivial to tweak for multiple files.
  • Source, dest, and log files should usually be specified by full filespec.

Thanks and ++ to Kevman, grinder, jeffa, and damian1301 for feedback.

As always: Critique, corrections and comments are wildly welcomed.

Updated   2001-06-21 19:35 CDT

#!/usr/bin/perl -w

# ftpgp.pl
# pod at tail

use strict;
use Net::FTP;

my %file = (
   source => 'ftpgp.in',
   dest   => 'ftpgp.out',
   log    => 'ftpgp.log',
   );
my %parm = (
   ftphost => '',
   ftpuser => '',
   ftppass => '',
   );

open (LOG, ">>$file{log}")  or die "Error opening $file{log}: $!";
LogIt('noexit', "\n  Started run        ");
print LOG
"    Sourcefile         $file{source}
    Destination file   $file{dest}
    Destination server $parm{ftphost}
    Destination user   $parm{ftpuser}
    Log file           $file{log}
    Upload script      $0
    Perl               $]
    Net::FTP           $Net::FTP::VERSION
    Local OS           $^O\n",
   ;
unless (-r $file{source} && -T _) {
   LogIt('exit',
      "Error with source file $file{source}.\nIs not readable or ASCII
+.\n"
      );
   }

my $ftp = Net::FTP->new($parm{ftphost}) or
   LogIt('exit', "Error connecting.\nNetwork or server problem?\n");
$ftp->login($parm{ftpuser}, $parm{ftppass}) or 
   LogIt('exit', "Error logging in.\nHas ID or password changed?\n");
$ftp->ascii();
$ftp->put($file{source}, $file{dest}) or
   LogIt('exit', "Error uploading.\nDisk space or permissions problems
+?\n");
$ftp->quit() or 
   LogIt('exit', "Error disconnecting.\n???\n");

LogIt('noexit', "  Finished FTP put   ");
close LOG                   or die "Error closing $file{log}: $!";


######################################################################
+#####
# Print message with date+timestamp to logfile.
# Abort program if instructed to.
sub LogIt {
   my $exit = $_[0];
   my $msg  = $_[1];
   print LOG "$msg";
   my($sec,$min,$hour,$mday,$mon,$year,$wday,$yday,$isdst) = localtime
+(time);
   print LOG $year+1900,"-",$mon+1,"-$mday   $hour:$min:$sec\n";
      ;
   exit if ($exit eq 'exit' );
   }
######################################################################
+#####


=head1 Title

 ftpgp.pl

=head1 Description

 Non-interactive script to upload a file to specified FTP server.
 Intended to be run repeatedly from (cron|at|scheduler).
 Logs success or failure with timestamp and Perl+module versions.
 Would be trivial to tweak for multiple files.
 Source, dest, and log files should usually be specified by full files
+pec.

=head1 Updated

 2001-06-21   19:35 CDT
   Simplify with localtime but not loading Time::localtime module.
 2001-06-20   17:40 CDT
   Add error runs to example logfile.
   Add read+text filetests for source file.
   Combine ErrAndExit, LogMessage, and MyTime into LogIt() with passed
+ param.
 2001-06-19   22:15 CDT
   Post to PerlMonks.
   Initial working code.

=head1 Todos

 Variableize $ftp->(ascii|binary).
 Variableize $ftp->(get|put).
 Debug error only seen with ActivePerl:
   "uninitialized value in concatenation (.)
    at D:/Perl/site/lib/Net/Config.pm line 44."
 Employ Net::FTP's own error handling.

=head1 Tested

 ActivePerl      5.61,     Win2kPro
 Perl            5.006001, Cygwin 1.3.2,  Win2kPro
 Perl            5.00503,  Debian 2.2r3
 Net::FTP        2.56
 Time::localtime 1.01

 Error handling for:
   unreadable or nonexistant sourcefile
   binary (non-ASCII) sourcefile
   unreachable host
   bad ID
   wrong password
   no write perms at target

=head1 Example runlog

  Started run        21:55:1   6-19-2001
    Sourcefile         C:\Data\ftpgp.in
    Destination file   /incoming/ftpgp.out
    Destination server ozark.bbq
    Destination user   clem
    Log file           C:\data\ftpgp.log
    Upload script      C:\Documents and Settings\clem\Perl\ftpgp.pl
    Perl               5.006
    Net::FTP           2.56
    Local OS           MSWin32
  Finished FTP put   21:55:1   6-19-2001

 Error with source file ftpgp.in.
 Is not readable or ASCII.
 2001-6-21   19:37:43

 Error connecting.
 Network or server problem?
 2001-6-20 15:53:29

 Error logging in.
 Has ID or password changed?
 2001-6-20 15:53:49

 Error uploading.
 Disk space or permissions problems?
 2001-6-20 16:3:53

=head1 Author

 ybiC

=head1 Credits

 Thanks to Kevman, grinder, jeffa, and damian1301 for feedback.
 Oh yeah, and to some guy named vroom.
 
=cut

Comment on (code) Just Another Net::FTP Script
Download Code
Re: Just Another Net::FTP Script
by grinder (Bishop) on Jun 20, 2001 at 19:35 UTC

    A minor quibble with the way you generate timestamps (in the LocalTime subroutine).

    • I don't like little subroutines that call print themselves. I prefer to return a string, and have the parent code call print. This lets you fold the call into a list of other things that are also passed to print. One of these days you'll want to fetch what LocalTime produces, but not have it print out anything. At that point you will be forced to either clone the code into a separate routine (and if you're smart you'll refactor the current routine in terms of that new routine), or else you'll have to pass an ugly mode param that tells the code whether it should print out or just return the string.
    • Use the ISO date format.
    • Call localtime once.

    Putting it all together, you get something like:

    sub timestamp { sprintf '%4d-%02d-%02d:%02d:%02d:%02d', sub{ $_[5]+1900, $_[4]+1, @_[reverse 0..3] }->(localtime) }

    Note that this string is not perfect as it does not encode the local time zone. That, of course, is left as an exercise to the reader.


    --
    g r i n d e r

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