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Re: (OT) help reading a bgzip file

by Utilitarian (Vicar)
on May 03, 2011 at 13:52 UTC ( #902716=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??


in reply to (OT) help reading a bgzip file

Without more info it's hard to say.
What does file unzipped_file say the resultant data format is ?

PS: I assume you mean bzip2 -d rather than bgzip -d;) which on most systems can also be called as bunzip2

print "Good ",qw(night morning afternoon evening)[(localtime)[2]/6]," fellow monks."


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Re^2: (OT) help reading a bgzip file
by Anonymous Monk on May 03, 2011 at 14:10 UTC
    HI. no i don't mean bzip2. This program is called bgzip. I have never used it before. I just know it is a compression/decompression tool. This is its page on sourceforge sourceforge.net/projects/bgzip/. This is the file info. The test..txt.gz file is the file created by 'bgzipping' test.txt
    bgzip test.txt file test.txt.gz test.txt.gz: gzip compressed data, extra field
      Ah, OK, new one on me - anyway, what does the decompressed file that won't load into your editor say it is when you run file on it?

      print "Good ",qw(night morning afternoon evening)[(localtime)[2]/6]," fellow monks."
        hi. it says what i put in the last post - that it is a gzip compressed data with extra field but when i read it with zless it is nonsense and contains mostly this string ^@ intermixed with ascii characters

      Just thought I'd add a note here since this is popping up fairly high on Google searches for bgzip. Bgzip uses the the BGZF format which is a fully backward compliant but application specific extension of gzip. In other words you can unzip a bgzipped file with gunzip, but you can't create one with gzip.

      The addition that bgzip adds is block level compression. You can use the library to compress and uncompress input data in blocks which provides for a level of random access to the compressed file. The format was developed by Bob Handsaker of the Broad Institute for use in genomics/bioinformatics applications. It has been modified and used by Bob and Heng Li (also currently at the Broad) in next-generation sequence alignment and sequence variant analysis tools developed as part of the 1,000 genomes project. Application such as the BAM file format, samtools, and tabix use bgzip/BGZF to compress sequence alignment and sequence variant files and allow rapid random access to the data compressed within those files.

      There are perl libraries that provide an API to files compressed in BAM and to the tabix library.

      http://search.cpan.org/~lds/Bio-SamTools-1.33/lib/Bio/DB/Bam/Alignment.pm
      http://samtools.sourceforge.net/tabix.shtml

      For more information see:

      http://samtools.sourceforge.net/
      http://samtools.sourceforge.net/SAM1.pdf

      The SeqAnswers.com forum would be a good place for questions about the format and it's applications as the authors and many users are active there.

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