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Re^3: RegEx related line split

by JavaFan (Canon)
on Nov 14, 2011 at 11:41 UTC ( #937925=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re^2: RegEx related line split
in thread RegEx related line split

Do you understand foo|bar? Do you understand $? Do you understand (?= )? Combine all three and you get (?=$|MARK).

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Re^4: RegEx related line split
by remiah (Hermit) on Nov 14, 2011 at 12:40 UTC
    Try to explain myself.

    foo|bar is foo or bar. if it is grouped by (foo|bar), the matched $1 will be set to "foo" or "bar".

    In this case ... it is not "non capturing grouping" (?foo|bar), because it is zero width look ahead assertion '(?='. Zero width look ahead assertion works like place holder and it does not eat up pos($expr) in matching.

    $ is the end of line... as far as I know.

    Well, it says look ahead for "end of line" or MARK and match against them as 'place holder'. I think I understand this!

    #!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; my $RefLine = "(a) This is first line(once all 4 was one line). (b) Th +is is second line; ( print "original -----\n"; print "$RefLine\n"; print "original -----\n\n"; print "\n## without 'end of line or' condtion. last line fails\n"; while( $RefLine =~ /(\([a-z]\).*?)(?=\([a-z]\))/g ){ my $p=pos $RefLine; print "$-[0], $p,matched=$&\n"; print "---\n"; } print "\n## without lookahead assertion... \n"; while( $RefLine =~ /(\([a-z]\).*?)($|\([a-z]\))/g ){ my $p=pos $RefLine; print "$-[0], $p,matched=$&\n"; print "---\n"; } print "\n## with 'end of line or' condtion and zero width place holder +\n"; while( $RefLine =~ /(\([a-z]\).*?)(?=$|\([a-z]\))/g ){ my $p=pos $RefLine; print "$-[0], $p,matched=$&\n"; print "---\n"; }

    Thank you very much JavaFan.

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