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Re^2: regex: negative lookahead

by svenXY (Deacon)
on Dec 05, 2011 at 16:08 UTC ( #941887=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re: regex: negative lookahead
in thread regex: negative lookahead

++kennethk - thanks for clarifying. I'm still a little bit confused by the difference between (?!...) and (?<!...) though.

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Re^3: regex: negative lookahead
by kennethk (Abbot) on Dec 05, 2011 at 16:38 UTC
    The difference is a lookahead versus a lookbehind. If you ignore the lookahead/lookbehind because they are zero width (don't consume characters), you would expect /^($start(\w+(,\s)?)+)$/ to grab an entire string between start and finish. When you get to the part of the regular expression where you have your assertion, the cursor is here:
    log4j.rootLogger=INFO, FILE, SYSLOG ^
    If you look ahead of this position, there is nothing, which clearly passes the negative lookahead check. The offending string is behind your position, thus you need a negative lookbehind.

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