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Re: Perl Moo.

by cavac (Chaplain)
on Jun 13, 2012 at 18:00 UTC ( #976036=note: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Perl Moo.

I pulled together a small, working mini adevnture. I decided to split the definition of objects and rooms into two different hashes.

Objects can also be in a virtual room (like the "inventory" room i use here. But you can also send them into a non-existing room to make them go away or vice versa.

The anonymous subs also allow you to change objects and rooms as you wish. For example, a closed door might have an action "open" that rewrites it's own description as well as adding an exit to the room. Closing that door again can do the opposite (return original description, remove the rooms exit)

Here's the code:

#!/usr/bin/env perl use strict; use warnings; # Current location of player and a helper variable my $location = 'lounge'; my $oldlocation = ''; # define some rooms to have, uh, room to run around my %rooms = ( lounge => { name => 'The Lounge', description => 'You are in the lounge, a rather gloomy place.' +, exits => { 'west' => 'cavern1', 'east' => 'monastery', }, }, 'cavern1' => { name => 'Dark cavern', description => 'You are in a dark cavern. Bloodstains mare the + walls', exits => { east => 'lounge', west => 'cavern2', }, }, 'cavern2' => { name => 'Completly dark cavern', description => 'You are in a very dark cavern. You hear strang +e noises, but the only thing you can see is a glimmer from the easter +n entrance.', exits => { east => 'cavern1', west => sub {die "You get eaten by a grue!";}, north => sub { print "A hyperdimensional field wraps you in color +ed lights.\n"; sleep(10); print "You feel like you are beeing pulled into a +randomly selected room...\n"; sleep(10); if(rand(100) > 50) { $location = 'cavern1'; } else { $location = 'lounge'; } print "You materialize in...\n"; sleep(10); }, south => sub {die "NO-COFFEE-ERROR: Unimplemented room!" +;}, }, }, 'monastery' => { name => 'The Monastery', description => 'You are in the monastery. All around you, g +eeks are writing Perl code.', exits => { west => 'lounge', }, }, ); # Put some stuff in that room my %objects = ( 'table' => { location => 'lounge', short => 'a small wooden table', long => 'It\'s a small, wooden table. It looks cheap.', actions => { take => 'You put the wooden table in your magic pocket. +', drop => 'You carefully put down the table.', }, }, 'monk' => { location => 'monastery', short => 'a Perl monk', long => 'A scruffy guy with long hair and a T-Shirt that re +ads "touch() && die()"\n', actions => { touch => sub{ print "You touch the monk. He instantly send SIGNAL 11 + back to you\n"; die; }, }, }, 'book' => { location => 'inventory', short => 'a pocket book', long => 'It\'s the Perl regular expression reference guide +pocket book.', actions => { take => 'You jump up and down in joy!', drop => 'Your mood suddenly changes for the worse :-(', read => 'You suddenly feel much smarter.', }, }, 'sign' => { location => 'monastery', short => 'a sign', long => 'A big warning sign with big red letters!', actions => { read => 'It says: "TYE BROKE THE MONASTERY!"', }, }, ); while(1) { #print the room description if($location ne $oldlocation) { $oldlocation = $location; print "\n\n"; print $rooms{$location}->{name}, "\n"; print '=' x length($rooms{$location}->{name}), "\n\n"; if(!defined($rooms{$location}->{visited}) || !$rooms{$location +}->{visited}) { $rooms{$location}->{visited} = 1; print $rooms{$location}->{description}, "\n"; } print "You see:\n"; foreach my $key (sort keys %objects) { if($objects{$key}->{location} eq $location) { print " ", $objects{$key}->{short}, "\n"; } } print "There are exits in this direction(s): ", join(',', sort + keys %{$rooms{$location}->{exits}}), "\n"; } # Ask the player what to do print "What next: "; my $cmd = <>; # Primitively clean up the input chomp $cmd; $cmd = lc $cmd; $cmd =~ s/(\s+)/\ /g; $cmd =~ s/^\ //; $cmd =~ s/\ $//; next if($cmd eq ''); # allow the player to finish if($cmd =~ /(quit|exit)/i) { print "Goodbye.\n"; last; } # We don't like nice users. Just state what you want! if($cmd =~ /please/i) { print "I don't know how to please!\n"; next; } # Force re-displaying the room description if($cmd eq 'look') { $oldlocation = ''; $rooms{$location}->{visited} = 0; next; } # Wanna take us to another room? if(defined($rooms{$location}->{exits}->{$cmd})) { # Check to see if its a code section, else just move # the player to that room if(ref($rooms{$location}->{exits}->{$cmd}) eq 'CODE') { $rooms{$location}->{exits}->{$cmd}->(); } else { $location = $rooms{$location}->{exits}->{$cmd}; } next; } # The inventory command if($cmd eq 'inventory') { print "Your open pocket reveals:\n"; foreach my $key (sort keys %objects) { if($objects{$key}->{location} eq 'inventory') { print " ", $objects{$key}->{short}, "\n"; } } } # Look for a simple two-verb command if($cmd =~ /(\w+)\ (\w+)/) { my ($verb, $thing) = ($1, $2); # Check if the object exists if(!defined($objects{$thing})) { print "Sorry, the programmer never invented a $thing!\n"; next; } # Ok, next, let's see if the object is in reach if($objects{$thing}->{location} ne 'inventory' && $objects{$th +ing}->{location} ne $location) { print "You can't see $thing anywhere near you!\n"; next; } # Allow "describe" action if($verb eq "describe") { print $objects{$thing}->{long}, "\n"; next; } # Check if it is an allowed action for this object if(!defined($objects{$thing}->{actions}->{$verb})) { print "You can't do that to $thing\n"; next; } # First of all, if the action is a sub, execute it and be done + with it. if(ref($objects{$thing}->{actions}->{$verb}) eq 'CODE') { $objects{$thing}->{actions}->{$verb}->(); next; } # Inventory-related actions if($verb eq 'take') { if($objects{$thing}->{location} eq 'inventory') { print "You already have that in your magic pocket!\n"; next; } $objects{$thing}->{location} = 'inventory'; print $objects{$thing}->{actions}->{$verb}, "\n"; next; } if($verb eq 'drop') { if($objects{$thing}->{location} ne 'inventory') { print "You can't find that object anywhere within your + vast magic pocket!\n"; next; } $objects{$thing}->{location} = $location; print $objects{$thing}->{actions}->{$verb}, "\n"; next; } # Uhm, ok, this seems to be a text-printing-only action, like +reading a sign print $objects{$thing}->{actions}->{$verb}, "\n"; next; } # Scratch head and try again if(rand(100) > 50) { print "Sorry, could you state that more clearly?\n"; } else { print "I'll just stand around scratching my head instead...\n" +; } }

Of course, you might want to split all the room and object definitions into multiple files.

"You have reached the Monastery. All our helpdesk monks are busy at the moment. Please press "1" to instantly donate 10 currency units for a good cause or press "2" to hang up. Or you can dial "12" to get connected directly to second level support."

Comment on Re: Perl Moo.
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Re^2: Perl Moo.
by Dipseydoodle (Novice) on Jun 13, 2012 at 19:38 UTC

    That's slighty more complex then I wanted *takes a look back and screeches*

    But it's really funny you mentioned Inform7, it happens to be my favored language for gaming (I have released a few games actually) but I wanted a step up, just not this much.

    Also, Inform7 is awesome, however I need this to be MULTI-USER not single player.

    Time to look for another route I guess, maybe Python or Ruby?

      however I need this to be MULTI-USER not single player.

      Multi-User is always way more complicated, no matter the programming language. You have to share data, allow concurrent access and so on.

      That said, would a web based solution work for you? If so, you could try a combination of Perl/CGI, HTML/Javascript/Ajax and maybe a database/memcached as data backend.

      "You have reached the Monastery. All our helpdesk monks are busy at the moment. Please press "1" to instantly donate 10 currency units for a good cause or press "2" to hang up. Or you can dial "12" to get connected directly to second level support."

        yes, I couldn't figure out how to set up the embedded perl though. I am very good at HTML and can work with Javascript. PHP I can work with but I'm not all there. If you could give me an example of how Embedded Perl would work please do so. Thanks.

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