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Re^4: Regex Greed

by Athanasius (Chancellor)
on Aug 08, 2012 at 02:42 UTC ( #986115=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re^3: Regex Greed
in thread Regex Greed

A search on “overlapping matches’ in perldoc doesn’t turn up anything relevant. However, I did find the following in the Camel Book (4th Edition, pages 247–8, underlining added):

Lookahead assertions can be used to implement overlapping matches. For example,
"0123456789" =~ /(\d{3})/g
returns only three strings: 012, 345, and 678. By wrapping the capture group with a lookahead assertion:
"0123456789" =~ /(?=(\d{3}))/g
you now retrieve all of 012, 123, 234, 345, 456, 567, 678, and 789. This works because this tricky assertion does a stealthy sneakahead to run up and grab what’s there and stuff its capture group with it, but being a lookahead, it reneges and doesn’t technically consume any of it. When the engine sees that it should try again because of the /g, it steps one character past where last it tried.


Athanasius <°(((><contra mundum

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