in reply to Efficiency of map vs. more verbose basic/fundamental code
The later edition of
Effective Perl Programming has item 20, "Use foreach, map and grep as appropriate",
which gives an excellent summary of when to use foreach, map and grep:
- Use foreach to iterate read-only over each element of a list
- Use map to create a list based on the contents of another list
- Use foreach to modify elements of a list
- Use grep to select elements in a list
Hall, McAdams and foy further caution against modifying a list via map:
"For efficiency, $_ is actually an alias for the current element in the iteration. If you modify $_ within the transform expression of a map, you modify the input data. This is generally considered to be bad style, and -- who knows? -- you may even wind up confusing yourself this way. If you want to modify the contents of a list, use foreach."
I'm pretty sure the earlier edition you are reading has a similar item.
If you read this item, you should not be confused about which one to use.
I suggest you focus on clarity and only bother benchmarking if
performance is really critical.