in reply to
A Simple Question From A Simple Man
This notion of "a reference" ("arrayref" is slang for "a reference to an array," etc.) is one of the most-important concepts in Perl. A reference is a single value ... what's called a "scalar" ... yet it can refer to anything at all. For example, even though arrays are one-dimensional, every slot in it could consist of a reference to another array, thus creating a n-dimensional array, and so on. "Contexts" (array, hash, scalar, etc.), as denoted by characters "@", "$", "%" and so on, are also a very important idea.