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#! /usr/bin/perl -w # To Do: more error checking, get --delimiter to work for \t. # cols2lines.pl takes an input file with fields separated # by the chosen delimiter (default is the tab stop) and # switches the columns into rows (and vice versa, # obviously). The script can be called with the input file, # or both input and output files as its arguments. If one or # both are omitted from the command line the user is prompted # for their location. The delimiter can be defined using the # -d or --delimiter switch. The delimiter may be double- # quoted if necessary. In non-interactive mode the output # file will not overwrite an existing file unless the -f or # --force switch is used. Use the -h or --help # switch to get a usage summary. use strict; use Getopt::Long; # DECLARE GLOBALS my $delimiter = "\t"; # default delimiter is tab stop my $infile = ""; my $outfile = ""; # PARSE ARGUMENTS sub parseargs{ my $force; my $helptext; &GetOptions("d|delimiter=s" => \$delimiter, "f|force" => \$force, "h|help" => \$helptext); if ($helptext){ die ("Usage: cols2lines [-h] [-f] [-d <delimiter>]". " [input file] [output file]\n"); } if (@ARGV){ $infile=shift (@ARGV); unless (-e $infile){die ("File \'$infile\' not found.\n");} $outfile=shift (@ARGV); if ((-e $outfile) and !$force){ die ("File \'$outfile\' aleady exists. Use -f to". " force overwrite.\a\n"); } } else { $infile=""; $outfile=""; } return ($infile, $outfile); } # ASSIGN INPUT FILE sub queryinfile { $infile=""; until (-e $infile){ print ("Please enter the name of the input file:\n"); $infile = <STDIN>; chomp ($infile); unless (-e $infile){ print STDERR ("File \'$infile\' not found. ". "Ctrl-C to exit.\a\n"); } } $infile; } # ASSIGN OUTPUT FILE sub queryoutfile { print ("Please enter the name of the output file:\n"); $outfile = <STDIN>; chomp ($outfile); if (-e $outfile){ print STDERR ("File \'$outfile\' aleady exists. ". "Overwrite? [Y\/N]\a\n"); my $answer = <STDIN>; chomp ($answer); if (lc($answer) ne 'y'){die ("Script aborted by user.\n");} } $outfile; } # PERFORM OPERATION sub bigfile_colstolines { my $infile = shift; my $outfile = shift; my $infilehandle = "<$infile"; # read-only open (INFILE, $infilehandle) or die ("File error.\a\n"); my $outfilehandle = ">$outfile"; # write only open (OUTFILE, $outfilehandle) or die ("Output failure.\a\n"); my $line = <INFILE>; my @testarray = split (/$delimiter/, $line); seek(INFILE,0,0); for (my $counter=0; $counter <= $#testarray; $counter++){ my @columnarray = undef(); while (defined ($line = <INFILE>)){ chomp ($line); my @linearray = split (/$delimiter/, $line); push (@columnarray, $linearray [$counter]); } shift (@columnarray); # removes unwanted charact +ers my $newline = join $delimiter, (@columnarray); print OUTFILE ($newline, "\n"); seek(INFILE,0,0); } close(INFILE); close(OUTFILE); } # MAIN LOOP ($infile, $outfile)=&parseargs; unless ($infile){$infile=&queryinfile;} unless ($outfile){$outfile=&queryoutfile;} &bigfile_colstolines ($infile, $outfile); print ("Done.\n"); exit

In reply to cols2lines.pl by tfrayner

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