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I contend that (?{ }) is not a regular expression, but a hook (a place for a Perl expression) to be evaluated by the regex engine during its matching work.

The phrase "Regular Expression" is a mathematical concept predating perl and emacs and sed. Quoting from Freidl's Mastering Regular Expressions:

    The Origins of Regular Expressions

    The seeds of regular expressions were planted in the early 1940s... Through the 1950s and 1960s, regular expressions enjoyed a rich study in theoretical mathematical circles... Ken Thompson's 1968 article Regular Expression Search Algorithm... led to his work on qed, an editor that formed the basis for the Unix editor, ed.

Regular expressions are expressions that regulate a sequence as belonging to a set, or not belonging to a set. (What, you thought 'regular' as in 'everyday' or 'fixed interval'?)

Since (?{}) doesn't fail and cause the engine to backtrack or bail, it's not regulating anything. The regex syntax handles the wrapping stuff but the contents are what's doing the string-modifying, and the results have no direct bearing on the regulation. That's what I mean when I say that (?{}) is not a regular expression.

(I know, I'm forever editing and extending my comments with afterthoughts rather than creating new followups.)
--
[ e d @ h a l l e y . c c ]


In reply to Re: Re: Re: A Perl aptitude test by halley
in thread A Perl aptitude test by Jonathan

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