Beefy Boxes and Bandwidth Generously Provided by pair Networks
Perl-Sensitive Sunglasses
 
PerlMonks  

Comment on

( #3333=superdoc: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??

&{ $functions{$doit} };

Would be seen by Perl as:

"Take the value of $functions{$doit} and treat it as a sub name"

No, there's some confusion here about references. perlman:perlref is the definitive reference (no pun intended), but I'll try to give you the short answer.

The syntax &{ SOMETHING } is, as you correctly said, a dereference. It says "Treat SOMETHING as a code reference", which means that the subroutine referred to by SOMETHING is executed. That means that SOMETHING is taken to be a reference, and in the example given, that's just what it is, as is evidenced by the code:

my %functions = ('first' => \&one, 'second' => \&two );

That \&one syntax is creating a hard reference to the subroutine one().

If, however that SOMETHING is not actually a hard reference, but is just a plain old scalar, then the "value of the scalar is taken to be the name of a variable, rather than a direct link to a (possibly) anonymous value." (from perlman:perlfref). So if the code example would have looked like this:

my %functions = ('first' => 'one', 'second' => 'two' );

... then you would be using a symbolic reference, which is what you mean by "Take the value of $functions{$doit} and treat it as a sub name". NOTE that this whole Symbolic reference business is disallowed by use strict 'refs', meaning that our friend SOMETHING must be an actual reference, and not just a name. This is probably a Good Thing.

Hope this helps. And by the way, I think the syntax $coderef->() is preferable to the equivalent &{$coderef}, since I think it just looks clearer that you're calling a subroutine...

--
3dan


In reply to Re: Re: Re: Avoiding user-input in sub calls. by edan
in thread Avoiding user-input in sub calls. by pekkhum

Title:
Use:  <p> text here (a paragraph) </p>
and:  <code> code here </code>
to format your post; it's "PerlMonks-approved HTML":



  • Posts are HTML formatted. Put <p> </p> tags around your paragraphs. Put <code> </code> tags around your code and data!
  • Read Where should I post X? if you're not absolutely sure you're posting in the right place.
  • Please read these before you post! —
  • Posts may use any of the Perl Monks Approved HTML tags:
    a, abbr, b, big, blockquote, br, caption, center, col, colgroup, dd, del, div, dl, dt, em, font, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, hr, i, ins, li, ol, p, pre, readmore, small, span, spoiler, strike, strong, sub, sup, table, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr, tt, u, ul, wbr
  • You may need to use entities for some characters, as follows. (Exception: Within code tags, you can put the characters literally.)
            For:     Use:
    & &amp;
    < &lt;
    > &gt;
    [ &#91;
    ] &#93;
  • Link using PerlMonks shortcuts! What shortcuts can I use for linking?
  • See Writeup Formatting Tips and other pages linked from there for more info.
  • Log In?
    Username:
    Password:

    What's my password?
    Create A New User
    Chatterbox?
    and the web crawler heard nothing...

    How do I use this? | Other CB clients
    Other Users?
    Others pondering the Monastery: (7)
    As of 2015-07-07 10:06 GMT
    Sections?
    Information?
    Find Nodes?
    Leftovers?
      Voting Booth?

      The top three priorities of my open tasks are (in descending order of likelihood to be worked on) ...









      Results (88 votes), past polls