I spend my free time sailing. And despite the fact that GPS's make navigation push-n-click simple, I took an interest in reading through Dutton's Piloting and Navigation
cover to cover a couple years ago. I read the 1968 edition, as it came out before GPS, and devotes most of its pages to either Dead Reckoning (deductive reckoning), and Celestial Navigation. BrowserUK
's question ignited a lightbulb for me and I flipped open Duttons again to see.
The short answer is that Roger's answer is accurate. And in fact it employs techniques similar to those used in Dead Reckoning. With Dead Reckoning, one takes a bearing to two known points, and triangulates a position. The cool thing about Dead Reckoning is that if you know your direction and rate of travel, you can take a bearing to only one object of known position, twice at a known interval. Thus, if you get a bearing of 45deg at 10:00am, and 70deg at 10:15am, and you know how far you travelled in that time, and in what direction, you can use your previous position as one of the points of the triangle, the known object as one point, and your current position as one point. It's called a running fix.
Sorry for delving into this tangent (a pun?) but the subject just kind of got me thinking again. If this followup has a point it's to confirm Roger's methodology.
Back to your regular scheduled programming, now in progress.
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