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I think that it is easier to use the indexes() function in List::MoreUtils.

the snippet "indexes{/^1$/}@colData" yields the index numbers of elements in @colData that contains just a "1". This is an XS module like List::Util's and runs very fast. Getting the textual name is a simple array look-up. These terms are pushed into a HashOfArray. So, 2 lines of code that do a lot of work!

#!/usr/bin/perl -w use strict; use List::MoreUtils qw(indexes); use Data::Dumper; my %family_data; my @dataNames = qw( lacM taba mori glyB gly4); <DATA>; #skip the header line while (<DATA>) { my ($family, @colData) = split; push @{$family_data{$family}}, map{$dataNames[$_]}indexes{/^1$/}@colData; } print Dumper(\%family_data); =prints $VAR1 = { 'OG_2' => [ 'taba', 'glyB' ], 'OG_1' => [ 'lacM', 'mori' ] }; =cut __DATA__ Family lacM taba mori glyB gly4 OG_1 1 0 1 0 0 OG_2 0 1 0 1 0
Of course map{$dataNames[$_]}indexes{/^1$/}@colData;
could be map{$dataNames[$_]}indexes{$_}@colData;
but I thought the regex was less confusing albeit a bit slower.
either way is plausible, take your pick.

In reply to Re: Getting indices of the same value that occurs multiple times in an array... by Marshall
in thread Getting indices of the same value that occurs multiple times in an array... by reubs85

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    [ambrus]: So that, or if you really want something agnostic to the loop, then use curl multi. Its interface is quite reasonable (unless you use an old version),
    [ambrus]: though it's very C-like (serious use of varargs so easy to pass the wrong type), and there are some minor problems (busy loop because it doesn't use the same timer as your event loop, so you have to artificially delay timer callbacks by a small amount).

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