Beefy Boxes and Bandwidth Generously Provided by pair Networks
The stupid question is the question not asked

Comment on

( #3333=superdoc: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??
You don't seem to understand what GrandFather's code is doing. In particular, this chunk of code determines how the original line of text is divided into tag-able pieces:
my ($bibData, $quote, $primary, $sec) = / ^([^"]* "[^"]+"[^"]*) ([^\@]+) \@([^%]+) \%(.*) /x;
That's a regex, expressed on multiple lines (thanks to the "x" modifier at the end), where the first line captures everything up through the first close-quote up to the second open-quote, and the second line captures everything from that point up to the first "@" (keyword symbol).

To get the date as a separate item, you just need to divide up the match a little differently, like this:

my ($bibData, $date, $quote, $primary, $sec) = / ^([^"]* "[^"]+".*?) (\d{4})\.\s+ ([^\@]+) \@([^%]+) \%(.*) /x; $xml->startTag('entry'); $xml->dataElement(bib => $bibData); $xml->dataElement(date => $date); $xml->dataElement(quote => $quote); $xml->dataElement(primary => $primary); $xml->dataElement(sec => $sec); $xml->endTag();
Note how the first capture changed: it now ends with .*? to do a "non-greedy" match of any character until the next capture match is found, which is the one I added to look for 4 digits followed by a literal period and whitespace (updated to require at least one whitespace character). Then we also have to add a $date variable to the list of assignments, as well as a the $xml->dataElement() call to include the $date value in the output.

Bear in mind that if your input ever includes a line of text like this, the method above will do the wrong thing:

"Big Brother." Review of Orwell's Novel 1984. Nov. 2011. "Tough sit +uation." @tricky %unparsable.
That could be "fixed" by making the regex match more explicit -- e.g. looking for any of the 12 month abbreviations before the 4-digit year -- but then some entries might lack a month, or the month will be unabbreviated or misspelled...

Any attempt to impose structure like this on plain text has a non-zero probability of failing, because it's impossible to anticipate all the unexpected variations that eventually show up in (human-authored) plain text.

In reply to Re^3: Converting a Text file to XML by graff
in thread Converting a Text file to XML by strobodyne

Use:  <p> text here (a paragraph) </p>
and:  <code> code here </code>
to format your post; it's "PerlMonks-approved HTML":

  • Posts are HTML formatted. Put <p> </p> tags around your paragraphs. Put <code> </code> tags around your code and data!
  • Titles consisting of a single word are discouraged, and in most cases are disallowed outright.
  • Read Where should I post X? if you're not absolutely sure you're posting in the right place.
  • Please read these before you post! —
  • Posts may use any of the Perl Monks Approved HTML tags:
    a, abbr, b, big, blockquote, br, caption, center, col, colgroup, dd, del, div, dl, dt, em, font, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, hr, i, ins, li, ol, p, pre, readmore, small, span, spoiler, strike, strong, sub, sup, table, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr, tt, u, ul, wbr
  • You may need to use entities for some characters, as follows. (Exception: Within code tags, you can put the characters literally.)
            For:     Use:
    & &amp;
    < &lt;
    > &gt;
    [ &#91;
    ] &#93;
  • Link using PerlMonks shortcuts! What shortcuts can I use for linking?
  • See Writeup Formatting Tips and other pages linked from there for more info.
  • Log In?

    What's my password?
    Create A New User
    and all is quiet...

    How do I use this? | Other CB clients
    Other Users?
    Others pondering the Monastery: (8)
    As of 2018-04-27 09:01 GMT
    Find Nodes?
      Voting Booth?