|P is for Practical|
There are C++ constructs that don't map well to Perl. For one thing, your C++ compiler has no idea how Perl intends to call a function, so template-based functions and classes need to be instantiated in a concrete C++ function or class wrapper before being exposed to Perl. But once you get familiar with the large subset of C++ that does map well to Perl, Inline::CPP is pretty fun to use. I've even spent some time verifying its compatibility with the new C++11 standard (much of it "just works" as it should, with a few exceptions in predictable places).
The Inline::CPP documentation (always a work in progress) is improving, and should get you going in the right direction. I also recommend reading Inline, Inline::C, and Inline::C-Cookbook. Lots of reading, I know. But each of those resources gets you closer to being productive in this funky art. The Inline::C-Cookbook, in particular, demonstrates how to manipulate the Perl stack within your C or C++ functions.
Also, the tests found in the Inline::CPP distribution under t/ and grammar/t demonstrate many C++ constructs at work. And Math::Prime::FastSieve is a sort of "proof of concept" and example of using Inline::CPP.
Advanced Perl Programming (2nd Edition) has a chapter that discusses the Inline modules (Inline::C in particular, but much is applicable to Inline::CPP). And Sam Treagar's book, "Writing Perl Modules for CPAN" has a chapter on Inline::C too.
If you find yourself working much with it, feel free to join the firstname.lastname@example.org mailing list. See http://lists.perl.org for details.
In reply to Re: Calling C++ functions from Perl without using xsubpp