Beefy Boxes and Bandwidth Generously Provided by pair Networks
go ahead... be a heretic
 
PerlMonks  

Comment on

( #3333=superdoc: print w/ replies, xml ) Need Help??

Hello. For the following I feel I should lead with a quick disclaimer. The code is my first attempt at a Perl script and a non-html script in general, so it might read like the first attempt at a script - however the script technically works.

Furthermore I don't deal with coding in my daily life and studies and therefore do not know if the code conforms to all existing standards - I ran it through perl::tidy, used strict and warnings (no return) but that is about it - please advice if it is unreadable in some way.

Anyhow, The problem I am facing is one of memory - the script returns "out of memory". I believe it is related to http://learn.perl.org/faq/perlfaq3.html#How-can-I-make-my-Perl-program-take-less-memory- but cannot figure out how to implement without changing the results of the run.

The case is as follows: I need to go over 20 seperate excel files (.xls) and grap values based on certain patterns and then copy them into new .XLSX sheets. The total amount of rows is close to 1 million.

The script worked fine when I tried to write to .xls but it hit the limit of available rows. So i changed it to ::XLSX and now it runs out of memory. The strange thing is that it does not seem to be in the writing of excel part that the memory expires, but around the time it is done with grabing values, or maybe when I copy one of the returned array at @righ = @right (done because the original is destroyed in a splice). The system I work on has 8GB of ram, the error happens at around a total memory use of 4GB of ram, but I can see from test on a single sheet, that the final part (when all values are in the arrays) takes up a lot of memory. I have a feeling that this memory is excessive and can be done in better way. The script is on around 2GB of memory at the time of error. four of the eight gb were installed after the original run to see if this helped.

My question is - how do I solve this? I understand that there may be room for loads of improvements and I will gladly listen to every kind of response, but my main concern goes to the apparent memory shortage. I have a feeling I am copying the data into memory several times, but I do not know how to avoid this.

If I have overlooked an already existing answer a reference would be appreciated and an apology returned, but please understand that any deviation from my case will quickly complicate things for me

#!C:\strawberry\perl\bin\perl ####Load Packages use strict; use warnings; use Win32::OLE qw(in with); use Win32::OLE::Const 'Microsoft Excel'; use Win32::OLE::Variant; use Win32::OLE::NLS qw(:LOCALE :DATE); use List::MoreUtils qw(natatime); use Excel::Writer::XLSX; ############################################################ ####Initialize Excel Object and Count Files to Process $Win32::OLE::Warn = 3; #die on errors... #get already active Excel application or open new my $Excel = Win32::OLE->GetActiveObject('Excel.Application') || Win32::OLE->new( 'Excel.Application', 'Quit' ); #Get the file names of the production files and prints a status of the + results my $ProdDirect = 'C:/Users/McLovin/Documents/Thesis/Data/'; opendir DH, $ProdDirect or die "Cannot open $ProdDirect: $!"; my @files = grep { !-d } readdir DH; print "@files\n"; closedir DH; my $NumberofFiles = @files; print "Number of files is: $NumberofFiles\n"; ###################################################################### +########## ################################################################# ################Start Processing the Data######################## ################################################################# my $counti; #used to count the excelfiles my $usefile; #The file that is being used my @recID; #an array of ID's for the worksheets my $ID; #The actual ID being pushed to the array my $val; #A test value that is used to test whether a row should b +e included my @right ; #The first of the arrays that will be filled during the process an +d will be further disected later my @prod; #The second array, same as above my @legal; #The third ####declare a lot of variables used below when getting information fro +m the excel sheets my $c1; my $c4; my $c5; my $c6; my $c7; my $c8; my $c9; my $c10; my $c11; my $c12; my $c13; my $c14; my $c15; my $c17; my $c18; my $c20; my $c21; my $c22; my $c23; my $c24; my $c25; my $c26; my $c27; my $c32; my $c33; my $c34; my $c35; my $c36; my $c37; my $c38; my $c39; #####Loop over all the files for ( $counti = 0 ; $counti < $NumberofFiles ; $counti++ ) { ##### open Excel file -- This is the input data files print "Working on file $counti of $NumberofFiles\n"; $usefile = $files[$counti]; ###This points to the folder where the excel files are placed my $workfile = "C:/Users/McLovin/Documents/Thesis/Datatal/" . "$us +efile"; print "$workfile\n"; my $Book = $Excel->Workbooks->Open($workfile); #####Work on each sheet in the workbook #####This is the number of worksheets in the workbook my $sheetcnt = $Book->Worksheets->Count(); foreach my $r (1) { my $Sheet = $Book->Worksheets($r); $ID = $Sheet->{Name}; push @recID, $ID; print "Worksheet name is $Sheet->{Name}\n"; ##work on each row and column my $Tot_Rows = $Sheet->UsedRange->Rows->{'Count'}; my $Tot_Cols = $Sheet->UsedRange->Columns->{'Count'}; #Extract the necessary information from the rows and columns and place +s them in three arrays @right @legal and @prod foreach my $row ( 1 .. $Tot_Rows ) { foreach my $col (1) { # skip empty cells next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col )->{'Val +ue'}; $val = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col )->{'Value'}; if ( $val =~ /^\d{10}$/ ) { #Gets column one information foreach my $col1 (1) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col1 )->{'Valu +e'}; $c1 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col1 )->{'Value'}; push @right, $c1; push @legal, $c1; push @prod, $c1; #Gets region from column 2 foreach my $col4 (4) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col4 )->{' +Value'}; $c4 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col4 )->{'Valu +e'}; push @right, $c4; push @legal, $c4; push @prod, $c4; } #Gets column 3 information foreach my $col5 (5) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col5 )->{' +Value'}; $c5 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col5 )->{'Valu +e'}; push @right, $c5; push @legal, $c5; push @prod, $c5; } #Get the description that needs to be processe +d later foreach my $col6 (6) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col6 )->{' +Value'}; $c6 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col6 )->{'Valu +e'}; push @legal, $c6; } #Gets area foreach my $col7 (7) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col7 )->{' +Value'}; $c7 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col7 )->{'Valu +e'}; push @right, $c7; } #Gets column 8 information foreach my $col8 (8) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col8 )->{' +Value'}; $c8 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col8 )->{'Valu +e'}; push @right, $c8; } #Gets column 9 foreach my $col9 (9) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col9 )->{' +Value'}; $c9 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col9 )->{'Valu +e'}; push @right, $c9; } #and so on.... foreach my $col10 (10) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col10 )->{ +'Value'}; $c10 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col10 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @right, $c10; push @legal, $c10; } #same foreach my $col11 (11) { next unless defined $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col11 )->{ +'Value'}; $c11 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col11 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @right, $c11; push @legal, $c11; } #same foreach my $col12 (12) { $c12 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col12 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @right, $c12; push @prod, $c12; } #same foreach my $col13 (13) { $c13 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col13 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c13; } #same foreach my $col14 (14) { $c14 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col14 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c14; } #same foreach my $col15 (15) { $c15 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col15 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c15; } #same foreach my $col17 (17) { $c17 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col17 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c17; } #same foreach my $col18 (18) { $c18 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col18 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c18; } #same foreach my $col20 (20) { $c20 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col20 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c20; } #same foreach my $col21 (21) { $c21 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col21 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c21; } #same foreach my $col22 (22) { $c22 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col22 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c22; } #same foreach my $col23 (23) { $c23 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col23 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c23; } #same foreach my $col24 (24) { $c24 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col24 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c24; } #same foreach my $col25 (25) { $c25 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col25 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c25; } #same foreach my $col26 (26) { $c26 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col26 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c26; } #same foreach my $col27 (27) { $c27 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col27 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c27; } #32-39 production data foreach my $col32 (32) { $c32 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col32 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c32; } foreach my $col33 (33) { $c33 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col33 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c33; } foreach my $col34 (34) { $c34 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col34 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c34; } foreach my $col35 (35) { $c35 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col35 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c35; } foreach my $col36 (36) { $c36 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col36 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c36; } foreach my $col37 (37) { $c37 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col37 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c37; } foreach my $col38 (38) { $c38 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col38 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c38; } foreach my $col39 (39) { $c39 = $Sheet->Cells( $row, $col39 )->{'Va +lue'}; push @prod, $c39; } } } } } } $Book->Close; } ###################################################################### +########## #Prints of the created arrays #print "@right\n"; #print "@legal\n"; #print "@prod\n"; ###################################################################### +########## ###################################################################### +############## #the process that eliminates duplicates in the @right array based on c +riteria #makes a copy of the array as it is destroyed in the next while statem +ent, This is maybe one of the problems my @rig = @right; #copy of array my @righ; # a new array that is the result of the while state +ment below my %seen; # a hash that stores agreementnumbers for unique en +tries #The array is in exact sets of 9 strings and i want it spliced a inter +vals of exactly those intervals while ( my ( $m, $n, $o, $p, $q, $r, $s, $t, $y ) = splice( @right, 0, + 9 ) ) { last if $m !~ /^\d{10}$/; next if $seen{$m}++; if ( $n =~ /Specific_region/ ) { if ( $o =~ /NG/ ) { push @righ, $m, $o, $p, $q, $r, $s, $t; } } } # print "@righ\n"; my @leg; #an array that holds the result for the next while statem +ent my @spli; #used as a container for certain entries in the while sta +tement my @joi; #another middle of equation array for picking up results %seen = () ; #emties the previous hash as the uniqueness of entries is also imp +ortant here my @tes; #yet another array for picking up results ###################################################################### +########## #the process that insures that each returned value is printed in the c +orrect #form and coupled with the ten digit number #again the array is organized in 6 values in a row that need to be sep +erated out into rows. while ( my ( $h, $aa, $rr, $j, $k, $l ) = splice( @legal, 0, 6 ) ) { last if $h !~ /^\d{10}$/; if ( $aa =~ /Specific_region/ ) { if ( $rr =~ /NG/ ) { if ( $j =~ /\n/ ) { next if $seen{$h}++; my @spli = split( /\n/, $j ); foreach my $n (@spli) { if ( $n =~ /LSD/ ) { my @tes = split( /LSD/, $n ); foreach my $lon (@tes) { if ( $lon =~ /SEC/ ) { my @joi = split( /-|W|:|\s|,|\(/, $lon + ); my $chans = @joi; my $eleg = join( "", @joi[ 0, 2, 1, $chans - 1 +] ); push @leg, $eleg, $h, $k, $l; } } } elsif ( $n =~ /\(/ ) { my @joi = split( /-|W|:|\s|\(/, $n ); my $chans = @joi; my $eleg = join( "", @joi[ 0, 2, 1, $chans - +2 ] ); push @leg, $eleg, $h, $k, $l; } else { my @joi = split( /-|W|:|\s/, $n ); my $chans = @joi; my $eleg = join( "", @joi[ 0, 2, 1, $chans - +1 ] ); push @leg, $eleg, $h, $k, $l; } } } else { next if $seen{$h}++; my @joi = split( /-|W|:|\s/, $j ); my $chans = @joi; my $eleg = join( "", @joi[ 0, 2, 1, $chans - 1 ] ); push @leg, $eleg, $h, $k, $l; } } } } #print "@leg\n"; my @peg; foreach my $loma (@leg) { if ( $loma =~ /^\d{7}$/ ) { substr( $loma, 6, 0, 0 ); push @peg, $loma; } else { push @peg, $loma; } } ###################################################################### +############## #the process that creates the production array for the entries my @produ; while ( my ( $cp, $aaa, $rrr, $dp, $ep, $fp, $gp, $hp, $ip, $jp, $kp, $lp, $mp, $np, $op, $pp, $qp, $rp, $sp, $tp, $up, $vp, $wp, $yp, $xp ) = splice( @prod, 0, 25 ) ) { last if $cp !~ /^\d{10}$/; if ( $aaa =~ /Specific_region/ ) { if ( $rrr =~ /NG/ ) { unless ( $dp =~ /a specific repeated text for all relevant entr +ies/ ) { #eliminate this if statement for option two, where entries with no act +ual production is included if ( defined($qp) && $qp =~ /\d\d-\d\d-\d{4}/ ) { push @produ, $dp, $ep, $cp, $fp, $gp, $hp, $ip, $j +p, $kp, $lp, $mp, $np, $op, $pp, $qp, $rp, $sp, $tp, $up +, $vp, $wp, $yp, $xp; } } } } } # print "@produ\n"; my @nwells; #an array that collects the results #creates the 4.2 entries "agreements with no wells while ( my ( $mn, $nn, $on, $pn, $qn, $rn, $sn, $tn, $yn ) = splice( @rig, 0, 9 ) ) { last if $mn !~ /^\d{10}$/; if ( $nn =~ /Specific_region/ ) { if ( $on =~ /NG/ ) { if ( $yn =~ /a specific repeated text for all relevant ent +ries/ ) { push @nwells, $mn, $on, $pn, $qn, $rn, $sn, $tn, $yn; } } } } # print "@nwells\n"; #Places results into arrays of arrays for easy computation in excel. u +ses natatime again the arrays # are of a specific size. per row. my @AAR; { my $iter = natatime 7, @righ; while ( my @tmp = $iter->() ) { push @AAR, \@tmp; } } my @BAR; { my $iter = natatime 4, @peg; while ( my @tmp = $iter->() ) { push @BAR, \@tmp; } } my @CAR; { my $iter = natatime 23, @produ; while ( my @tmp = $iter->() ) { push @CAR, \@tmp; } } my @DAR; { my $iter = natatime 8, @nwells; while ( my @tmp = $iter->() ) { push @DAR, \@tmp; } } #####The new excel sheets that should contain the results my $workbooknew = Excel::Writer::XLSX->new('re1.xlsx'); my $worksheetnew = $workbooknew->add_worksheet(); $worksheetnew->keep_leading_zeros(); $worksheetnew->set_column( 'A:G', 30 ); $worksheetnew->write_col( 'A2', \@AAR ); ####This is the data on the legalnumber - introduce keep_leading zeroe +s for correct legal form my $workbooknew1 = Excel::Writer::XLSX->new('re2.xlsx'); my $worksheetnew1 = $workbooknew1->add_worksheet(); $worksheetnew1->keep_leading_zeros(); $worksheetnew1->set_column( 'A:D', 15 ); $worksheetnew1->write_col( 'A2', \@BAR ); # # ####This is the data on the production of the wells - introduce ke +ep_leading zeroes for correct legal form my $workbooknew2 = Excel::Writer::XLSX->new('re3.xlsx'); my $worksheetnew2 = $workbooknew2->add_worksheet(); my $worksheetnew3 = $workbooknew2->add_worksheet(); $worksheetnew2->set_column( 'A:W', 50 ); $worksheetnew2->write_col( 'A2', \@CAR ); $worksheetnew3->set_column( 'A:H', 30 ); $worksheetnew3->write_col( 'A2', \@DAR );

In reply to Out of memory and While replacements with excel XLSX application by Weinstar

Title:
Use:  <p> text here (a paragraph) </p>
and:  <code> code here </code>
to format your post; it's "PerlMonks-approved HTML":



  • Posts are HTML formatted. Put <p> </p> tags around your paragraphs. Put <code> </code> tags around your code and data!
  • Read Where should I post X? if you're not absolutely sure you're posting in the right place.
  • Please read these before you post! —
  • Posts may use any of the Perl Monks Approved HTML tags:
    a, abbr, b, big, blockquote, br, caption, center, col, colgroup, dd, del, div, dl, dt, em, font, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, hr, i, ins, li, ol, p, pre, readmore, small, span, spoiler, strike, strong, sub, sup, table, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr, tt, u, ul, wbr
  • Outside of code tags, you may need to use entities for some characters:
            For:     Use:
    & &amp;
    < &lt;
    > &gt;
    [ &#91;
    ] &#93;
  • Link using PerlMonks shortcuts! What shortcuts can I use for linking?
  • See Writeup Formatting Tips and other pages linked from there for more info.
  • Log In?
    Username:
    Password:

    What's my password?
    Create A New User
    Chatterbox?
    and the web crawler heard nothing...

    How do I use this? | Other CB clients
    Other Users?
    Others romping around the Monastery: (14)
    As of 2014-12-19 21:18 GMT
    Sections?
    Information?
    Find Nodes?
    Leftovers?
      Voting Booth?

      Is guessing a good strategy for surviving in the IT business?





      Results (92 votes), past polls