The PREFIX option on the use Inline C line causes perl to "strip" that prefix from the function as defined in the C code. Thus, I define it as my_create_context in the C code, and use it as create_context in the perl code.
Upon reading the docs a bit closer, if Inline didn't like the return type from my_context_create, it would simply ignore the function. As I can call it from perl, I assume this isn't the problem. Again, if I read the docs right, I don't need a typemap unless I intend on using one of those structs as a return type.
I tried your suggestion on the update, and it is saying the function has been bound to perl. I have also browsed the generated XS code and it looks correct to me, although I think I indicated previously that my XS skills are nonexistent.
I am using the same make.
Thanks for the suggestions, Ovid. I am back to hitting the docs and trying ( once again ) to work my way through perlapi.