in reply to Re: A mod2 Machine.
in thread A mod2 Machine.
my $n = 534587; print "even\n" if($n % 2 == 0);
This will print nothing on the screen (obviously, it indicates that the number is odd) and no matter how fast the processor is, the condition inside "if" will actually be evaluated i.e. 534587 will actually be divided by 2 and the remainder will be compared with 0. Do any compiler/processor optimization, this fact will not change (afaik, that is to say).
my $n = "534587"; print "even\n" if ($n =~ /$/);
there are no mathematical evaluations here, no matter how big the string is, the regex here just checks last character. There will be no need of actually calculating the remainder and comparing.
I'm not saying that processor will take time to evaluate a mathematical expression, it will be derogatory to think that about modern processors. I'm just trying to stress on the fact mod2 machine circumvents any mathematical operation.
This algorithm does fail if the bases are not of the form of 2^n or base 10. Also, as ww said, it will fail for base 3 numbers on a quantum computer