For 1 the trick is in the first recursive call. When we subtract the current treasure from the target, we want to find solutions that include the current treasure. However inside that call, we don't know about the existence of that current treasure on the inner call - that fact is implicit in the fact that the target is smaller, and it will only get added back to the solution after the inner call returns.
For 2 the answer is, "Whenever we have a problem that we don't know how to solve, which can be somehow reduced to simpler versions of the same problem." For Fibonacci, that means smaller $n. In the case of the directory walk, that means farther down the directory tree. In the case of the partition problem, simpler means "fewer treasures".
Posts are HTML formatted. Put <p> </p> tags around your paragraphs. Put <code> </code> tags around your code and data!
Titles consisting of a single word are discouraged, and in most cases are disallowed outright.
Read Where should I post X? if you're not absolutely sure you're posting in the right place.
Please read these before you post! —
Posts may use any of the Perl Monks Approved HTML tags:
You may need to use entities for some characters, as follows. (Exception: Within code tags, you can put the characters literally.)
- a, abbr, b, big, blockquote, br, caption, center, col, colgroup, dd, del, div, dl, dt, em, font, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, hr, i, ins, li, ol, p, pre, readmore, small, span, spoiler, strike, strong, sub, sup, table, tbody, td, tfoot, th, thead, tr, tt, u, ul, wbr
Link using PerlMonks shortcuts! What shortcuts can I use for linking?
See Writeup Formatting Tips and other pages linked from there for more info.
| & || & |
| < || < |
| > || > |
| [ || [ |
| ] || ] |