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 Counting PDL vectors in a PDL matrix 3 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by mxb on Feb 20, 2018 at 04:19 Hi all, I am currently learning PDL and I've come up against a situation for which I cannot figure out how to proceed. I have a 2D array, comprised of multiple 1D byte vectors which may or may not be unique. I wish to count the number of unique vectors within the array - essentially a histogram of vector counts. My data is too big for here, but the following example demonstrates the issue I am having. ```pdl> p \$x [ [0 1 2] [3 4 5] [6 7 8] [0 1 2] [0 1 2] [6 7 8] ] [download]``` I know I can retrieve a list of unique elements: ```pdl> p uniq \$x [0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8] [download]``` I know I can retrieve a histogram of all elements: ```pdl> p scalar hist \$x,0,256,1 [3 3 3 1 1 1 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 ....] [download]``` What I would like is something like the following output: ```[0 1 2] 3 [3 4 5] 1 [6 7 8] 2 [download]``` I think my issue stems from the fact that PDL is designed for operations on PDL elements. I am currently contemplating if the best solution to my problem is to have a lookup table of the data I am putting in vectors to an index, for example: ```my %lookup = ( 0 => "0 1 2", 1 => "3 4 5", 2 => "6 7 8", ); # Then \$x reduces down to \$x = [ 0 1 2 0 0 2 ]; [download]``` Any advice would be welcome, as both PDL and numerical computing are new to me, thanks! Date::Parse - how to correctly parse dates between 1901 and 1969 6 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by eniad on Feb 19, 2018 at 14:29 I am parsing dates and datetimes input by users who aren't too careful with their formatting. Date::Parse seems great because it handles most cases I need to handle. Except datetimes between 1901-01-01 00:00:00 and 1968-12-31 23:59:59, as I found out today. For those datetimes, Date::Parse str2time adds an extra 100 years when it parses the datetime to epoch time. Here is the code I am using to parse the datetimes: ```#!/usr/bin/perl #--------------------------------------------------------------------- # format_date.pl # # format variable date inputs #--------------------------------------------------------------------- use strict; use warnings; use Date::Parse; use DateTime; my \$DEFAULT_TIME_ZONE = "GMT"; my @dates = ( "1899-06-24 09:44:00", "1900-12-31 23:59:59", "1901-01-01 00:00:00", "1960-12-31 23:59:59", "1966-06-24 09:44:00", "1968-12-31 23:59:59", "1969-01-01 00:00:00", "1969-12-31 23:59:59", "1970-01-01 00:00:01", "2000-01-01 00:00:00", "2017-06-24 23:59:59", "2018-06-24 09:44:00", "2238-06-24 09:44:00" ); foreach my \$string (@dates) { # format datetime field from any valid datetime input # default time zone is used if timezone is not included in string my \$epoch = str2time( \$string, \$DEFAULT_TIME_ZONE ); # error if date is not correctly parsed if ( !\$epoch ) { die("ERROR ====> invalid datetime (\$string), " . "datetime format should be YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS"); } my \$date = DateTime->from_epoch( epoch => \$epoch ); printf( "formatting datetime: value = %20s, epoch = %20u, " . "date = %20s\n", \$string, \$epoch, \$date ); } exit 0; [download]``` Side note: I need to improve my error handling because the valid date 1970-01-01 00:00:00 will throw an error. The additional 100 years for dates between 1901 and 1969 can be seen in the output: ```formatting datetime: value = 1899-06-24 09:44:00, epoch = 18446744071 +484095456, date = 1899-06-24T09:44:00 formatting datetime: value = 1900-12-31 23:59:59, epoch = 18446744071 +532098815, date = 1900-12-31T23:59:59 formatting datetime: value = 1901-01-01 00:00:00, epoch = +978307200, date = 2001-01-01T00:00:00 formatting datetime: value = 1960-12-31 23:59:59, epoch = 2 +871763199, date = 2060-12-31T23:59:59 formatting datetime: value = 1966-06-24 09:44:00, epoch = 3 +044598240, date = 2066-06-24T09:44:00 formatting datetime: value = 1968-12-31 23:59:59, epoch = 3 +124223999, date = 2068-12-31T23:59:59 formatting datetime: value = 1969-01-01 00:00:00, epoch = 18446744073 +678015616, date = 1969-01-01T00:00:00 formatting datetime: value = 1969-12-31 23:59:59, epoch = 18446744073 +709551615, date = 1969-12-31T23:59:59 formatting datetime: value = 1970-01-01 00:00:01, epoch = + 1, date = 1970-01-01T00:00:01 formatting datetime: value = 2000-01-01 00:00:00, epoch = +946684800, date = 2000-01-01T00:00:00 formatting datetime: value = 2017-06-24 23:59:59, epoch = 1 +498348799, date = 2017-06-24T23:59:59 formatting datetime: value = 2018-06-24 09:44:00, epoch = 1 +529833440, date = 2018-06-24T09:44:00 formatting datetime: value = 2238-06-24 09:44:00, epoch = 8 +472332640, date = 2238-06-24T09:44:00 [download]``` The Date::Parse documentation suggests it can handle dates at least as old at 1901-01-01. The Time::Local documentation suggest it should be able handle dates even older. How should I handle this oddity? Is there a better way to parse variable input formats? Failed to find share dir for dist 'Dancer2' 2 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by markong on Feb 19, 2018 at 07:13 Hello, I've cloned the Dancer2 official git repo and now I'm trying to setup a dev environment (inside a perlbrew local lib) and I'm stuck at this command, receiving back: Failed to find share dir for dist 'Dancer2' at lib/Dancer2/CLI/Command/gen.pm line 62. which I guess is to be expected seen that I haven't installed the 'Dancer2' dist from CPAN and File::ShareDir::dist_dir('Dancer2') will fail. I'm trying to execute the dancer script from the cloned checkout code base, in order to setup a test dancer2 project, but it seems that it is not something supported?! I'm wondering if anybody has experience with the code base and can suggest something. Is the Dancer2 distro installation from CPAN mandatory to execute the 'dancer2' script or else how do you call that 'script/dancer2' bin around that share dir check while developing? Thanks. creating and managing many hashes 7 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by Gtforce on Feb 18, 2018 at 02:18 My data is as follows: ```2018-01-01 apple 200 50000 2018-01-02 apple 201 60000 2018-01-03 apple 202 70000 2018-01-04 apple 198 80000 2018-01-01 orange 400 30000 2018-01-02 orange 401 35000 2018-01-03 orange 402 36000 2018-01-04 orange 405 28000 [download]``` where apple and orange are my products, and I have over 2,000 distinct products. The values 201,202, etc are the prices of those products on the respective dates represented in the first column (and the quantities aka inventories are in the last column). My data series is for the past 3 years for each of these products. I need to pass the data series (i.e., price and inventory) for one product at a time to a subroutine that calculates the mean, std.dev, etc. I also need to pass the data series for a combination of two products at a time (a pair) to a subroutine that calculates the correlation between the two data series. I have currently done this using arrays over the 2 million pairs that arise from 2,000 products and it ran for 4 days before my patience ran out and I terminated the process. I've only just started reading up on hashes and I think I can speed up things if I get the data series for one product into one hash, and the data series for another product into another hash (likewise for 2,000 products or hashes). The reading I've done so far warns me against using variables for hashnames. Any advice you can offer would be greatly appreciated, thanks. Convert string to variable 4 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by ShermW0829 on Feb 16, 2018 at 15:27 Name: Sherman 71 years old retired and creating my own poker visits database Platform: HP Compaq 6710b Operating System: Ubuntu 17.10 PERL Version: 5.26 postgresql Version: 9.6 Problem: Need to assign a string to act as a variable I am building a front end for postgresql entries. I have fourteen entries that I need to query the user and set the user's value into a variable. I am using IO::Prompt. If I straight-line the code everything works. e.g: ``` my (\$date_in, \$date_out); \$date_in - prompt("Start Date: "); \$date_in =~ s/^\s+|\s+\$//g; \$date_out = prompt("\$End Date: "); \$date_out =~ s/^\s+|\s+\$//g; [download]``` And 12 more user inputs to get along with the no space check equals 24 more lines of code. Lots of code so I tried the following: ``` my (\$k, \$date_in, \$date_out); my %var_list = ('date_in'=>'Start Date', 'date_out'=>'End Date'); foreach \$k (keys(%var_list)) { ## \$k prints date_out and then date_in print( "\\$k: \"\$k\"\n" ); ## \$var_list prints End Date and then Start Date print( "\\$var_list{k}: \"\$var_list{\$k}\"\n" ); ## Below is where I want to go: ## \$k = prompt(\$var_list{k}); ## and have \$date_out = user's entry ## ## Now how do I assign a beginning \$ ## to change date_out to \$date_out? ## The below does not work ## \${\$k} = prompt(\${\$var_list{k}}); ## ## I've tried \$\$k, \$(\$k), and \${\$k} ## An example error is the following: ## Can't use string ("date_out") as a SCALAR ## ref while "strict refs" in use at ## ./build_sql_entries line 25 } [download]``` Thank you; Sherman Appending downlad file LWP 1 direct reply — Read more / Contribute by Anonymous Monk on Feb 16, 2018 at 13:52 Hello I am trying to improve some code. Basically, I want to build a downloader with progress bar. I know how to download file, how to build a progress bar (for example in Tk). What I cannot solve is appending the portion of file I have downloaded to the main (final) file. Here it is what I got (stripped of the GUI part. The code is based on a solution I found on the web. ```use strict; use warnings; use LWP::Simple; use LWP::UserAgent; my \$url='www.myurl.com'; my \$ttlDown = 0; my \$resp = LWP::UserAgent->new()->get(\$url, ':content_cb' => sub { my (\$data, \$response) = @_; my \$size = \$response->content_length; \$ttlDown += length \$data; printf("%7.1f KB of %7.1f (%5.1f%%)\$/", \$ttlDown / 1024.0, \$size / 1024.0, \$ttlDown * 100.0 / \$size ); #Here I need to append the bit of file downloaded, but I am down +loaded the entire file over and over... my \$file = 'myfile.exe'; getstore(\$url, \$file); }); [download]``` including variables 6 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by LloydRice on Feb 16, 2018 at 11:32 I have a short bit of Perl variable definitions that I would like to use in two different scripts. The simple plan is that I would not need to maintain 2 copies of that fragment. I have tried do, exec, use, module, a few more things. It all seems designed to defeat my simple goal by imposing all of the module structure. As I read the new Camel book, "do" should do what I want. But the variables do not get into the calling script. What am I missing? HASH Hierarchy 3 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by dirtdog on Feb 16, 2018 at 10:40 Hi Monks, I've got a working snippet of code that will take parameters and stuff them into a hash to be used later in the program to only keep the highest ranked value only (0 is top ranked) if it exists. hierarchy.pl POPE PATRIARCH ARCHBISHOP CARDINAL ```#!/usr/bin/env perl use strict; my @hierarchy; my %hierarchy; my \$order =0; while (\$#ARGV >= 0) { push @hierarchy,shift; } for (@hierarchy) { \$hierarchy{\$_} = \$order; \$order++; } while( my( \$key, \$value ) = each %hierarchy ){ print "\$key: \$value\n"; } [download]``` The code appears to work, but I thought there might be a better way to do it so thought I'd check with the Monks. Much appreciated! tinyDNS deconstruct. 2 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by 0xdeadbad on Feb 15, 2018 at 12:40 Could somebody lend a hand with deconstructing tinydns CAA records please. ```"\000\005issueentrust.net" > "CAA IN 0 issue entrust.net" [flag] [tag] [issuer] [download]``` The first octal is the Flag ( 000 ) The second octal ( 005 ) is the taglength and used to deduce the tag and issuer from the ascii string. If I could just get "\000\005issueentrust.net" translated to "0,5,issueentrust.net" that would be a great help. I've been looking at pack and unpack but cannot work it out as I'm not a real programmer. many thanks Use function as a regex 4 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by stevieb on Feb 15, 2018 at 11:22 I've got a very large and complex distribution where several of the modules use a pretty high number of somewhat complex regexes. I have decided instead of having them peppered throughout the code, I'd create a new module, Regex.pm that would house and return these regexes based on name. Now, this all works well and fine after some fiddling and learning where certain flags need to be set. Here is a basic example: ```use warnings; use strict; package Re; { my %h = ( re => qr/ [Pp]erl-\d\.\d+\.\d+(?:_\w+)? \s+===.*? (?=(?:[Pp]erl-\d\.\d+\.\d+(?:_\w+)?\s+===|\$)) /xs, ); sub re { return \$h{re}; } } package main; { my \$str; { local \$/; \$str = ; } my \$re = Re::re(); my @results = \$str =~ /\$re/g; print scalar @results; } __DATA__ perl-5.26.1 ========== Reading '/home/spek/.cpan/Metadata' Database was generated on Tue, 13 Feb 2018 15:29:02 GMT App::cpanminus is up to date (1.7043). --> Working on . Configuring /home/spek/repos/mock-sub ... OK <== Installed dependencies for .. Finishing. --> Working on . Configuring /home/spek/repos/mock-sub ... Generating a Unix-style Make +file Writing Makefile for Mock::Sub Writing MYMETA.yml and MYMETA.json OK Building and testing Mock-Sub-1.10 ... Skip blib/lib/Mock/Sub.pm (unch +anged) Skip blib/lib/Mock/Sub/Child.pm (unchanged) Manifying 2 pod documents PERL_DL_NONLAZY=1 "/home/spek/perl5/perlbrew/perls/perl-5.26.1/bin/per +l" "-MExtUtils::Command::MM" "-MTest::Harness" "-e" "undef *Test::Har +ness::Switches; test_harness(0, 'blib/lib', 'blib/arch')" t/*.t t/00-load.t .................... ok t/01-called.t .................. ok t/02-called_count.t ............ ok t/03-instantiate.t ............. ok t/04-return_value.t ............ ok t/05-side_effect.t ............. ok t/06-reset.t ................... ok t/07-name.t .................... ok t/08-called_with.t ............. ok t/09-void_context.t ............ ok t/10-unmock.t .................. ok t/11-state.t ................... ok t/12-mocked_subs.t ............. ok t/13-mocked_objects.t .......... ok t/14-core_subs.t ............... ok t/15-remock.t .................. ok t/16-non_exist_warn.t .......... ok t/17-no_warnings.t ............. ok t/18-bug_25-retval_override.t .. ok t/19-return_params.t ........... ok t/manifest.t ................... skipped: Author tests not required fo +r installation t/pod-coverage.t ............... skipped: Author tests not required fo +r installation t/pod.t ........................ skipped: Author tests not required fo +r installation All tests successful. Files=23, Tests=243, 2 wallclock secs ( 0.13 usr 0.04 sys + 1.75 cu +sr 0.13 csys = 2.05 CPU) Result: PASS OK Successfully tested Mock-Sub-1.10 [download]``` In the code, I've got this: ``` my \$re = Re::re(); my @results = \$str =~ /\$re/g; [download]``` What I'm wondering, and haven't been able to sort out if it's possible, is skip the variable instantiation, and use the function call directly when using the regex, like this: ``` my @results = \$str =~ /Re::re()/g; [download]``` Doable, or am I chasing down something impossible? user net:openSSH and File::find::Rule together. 1 direct reply — Read more / Contribute by garcimo on Feb 15, 2018 at 09:52 Hello I would like to search files in a remote system that match certain pattern that are older than one hour. the remote system is solaris. the find in solaris does not have parametres like mmtime. so I created this script that does more or less what i want in the remote system. ```#!/usr/bin/perl use File::Find::Rule; use POSIX qw(strftime); my \$today = time(); my \$onehour = \$today - (60*60); my @files = File::Find::Rule->file() ->name("*.0") ->mtime("<\$onehour") ->in( "/mypath/" ); for my \$file (@files) { print "\$file\n"; } [download]``` now I want to use from a remote system using net:openssh so that it connects to the solaris with ssh finds the file and gives me the output.. ```use Net::OpenSSH; my \$dir = '/mypath'; my \$host = 'myhost'; my \$ssh = Net::OpenSSH->new(\$host, user => adm_garcimo); \$ssh->error and die "Couldn't establish SSH connection: ". \$ssh->error; [download]``` is there a way to merge the two script in one central server without having to scp the scripts to all the hosts that the script needs to find files... I hope imy question is clear Running a perl script with root, changing to another user and then back to root? 4 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by morthed on Feb 15, 2018 at 09:13 I've tried to search a lot around the web for this question, to no avail. <\p> Currently I'm building a perl script that needs to do a specific job for each line in some database. The database contains several arguements including a "user" field. The script runs as root, and in each line iteration in the db, it will need to switch to the user provided and operate as the user, finishing the round and exiting back to root and then again, running as a different user. <\p> So far I've tried: <\p> using POSIX::setuid(\$User) in order to switch to the user within the same script, meaning:<\p>while (my \$line = <\$DB>) .. some code .. POSIX::setuid(\$User); #switch to user ... do stuff POSIX::setuid(0); #return to root <\code> But this solution didn't work so well, after changing once it was stuck in this user through all iterations of the loop, and couldn't return to root, which is obviously logical because it doesn't have the correct permissions.<\p>Since this didn't work, I thought to myself maybe I should split the job into 2 scripts. One script will run as root, whereas the other script will be called to by root in the first script and then use POSIX::setuid. I thought, that maybe because it's a subproc\shell it'll just return itself back to root once the job is done on the second script, but it doesn't work as well... I'm kinda out of ideas, anything you guys think'll help?<\p> ANOTHER THING: I know this is probably incorrect, so that's why I ask this around... please keep mean comments off or stuff like "you don't know what you're doing", if I did I wouldn't have asked... I basically look for a safe way to change the eid\uid of the SECOND SCRIPT only and keep root as the user for the main one... is there a way for that? Thanks! <\p>
New Meditations
 Sum to 100 at Rosetta Code 2 direct replies — Read more / Contribute by choroba on Feb 17, 2018 at 12:52 After a long time, I checked the list of tasks not implemented in Perl on RosettaCode. One of them was "Sum to 100", kind of similar to mjd's Simple but difficult arithmetic puzzle: In the string 123456789, you can prepend + or - before any digit to form an expression. You should list all the possible expressions that evaluate to 100 show the number that is a result of the maximal number of expressions show the lowest positive number that can't be expressed show the ten highest numbers that can be expressed Here's my solution:Read more... (2 kB) I tried to avoid eval to evaluate the expressions, at the same time, I didn't want to implement the traditional full math expression parser as there were only two operations of the same precedence in use. ```\$sum += \$_ for \$expression =~ /([-+]?[0-9]+)/g; [download]``` Feel free to comment on perlishness, effectiveness, golfness, or beauty of the solution, or propose your own. Note: Those interested in Perl 6 can read the solution just below mine. ```(\$q=q:Sq=~/;[c](.)(.)/;chr(-||-|5+lengthSq)`"S|oS2"`map{chr |+ord }map{substrSq`S_+|`|}3E|-|`7**2-3:)=~y+S|`+\$1,++print+eval\$q,q,a, [download]```

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