### Re: Chess Board Single Loop

by Laurent_R (Canon)
 on Oct 03, 2013 at 22:32 UTC ( #1056806=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Chess Board Single Loop

Sorry, what you need exactly is unclear to my mind. Please explain further.

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Re^2: Chess Board Single Loop
by xantithor (Novice) on Oct 03, 2013 at 22:44 UTC
I created an array for her, but she was becoming more confused the longer I spoke about it. Apparently she is taking a class at the local community college, and she hasn't gotten to learning about array's just yet. I'm attempting to simplify it for her by using a for_loop, and for some unknown reason I am stumped on this. The array came natural, but I feel like Ol' McDonald from the Geico commercials.
This is probably what will help her most, but how do I make it stop at 8, and start at the next row?
```#!/usr/bin/perl -w
use strict;

print "\$_\n" foreach ('1'..'64');

I'm trying to keep this in terms that someone in an introductory CS class would be equipped to grasp. Therefore, I'm not using an array, Perl's higher-order functions, etc. And as you requested, I'm using a single loop; no hidden implicit ones, just a single flat loop. The modulus operator should be taught in the first week or two of any intro to CS course.

```foreach ( 1 .. 64 ) {
print "\n" if ( \$_ - 1 ) % 8 == 0;
print "\$_ ";
}

The foreach loop iterates over the numbers 1 through 64, inclusive. On each iteration, the variable "\$_" holds the value for a single integer within the range of 1 through 64.

First, we test whether "number minus one, mod eight" is zero. In other words, using integer math, whether the number minus one, divided by eight, has no remainder. If there is no remainder, print a newline character.

Then proceed to print the number itself.

Then iterate again.

Actually the formatting would be a little cleaner if you test for a remainder of 7, and in that case print a newline after the number:

```foreach ( 1 .. 64 ) {
print "\$_ ";
print "\n" if ( \$_ - 1 ) % 8 == 7;
}

For purists, there is a hidden loop, but it's not a part of our algorithm; constructing the range 1 .. 64 to iterate over is done by Perl using an internal loop. If we really wanted to keep it pure, we could use "while", or a C-style for.

Dave

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