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### Re^6: Equivalent of unpack 'q' with 32-bit Perl (a8)

by Limbic~Region (Chancellor)
 on Sep 06, 2016 at 23:51 UTC ( #1171282=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

Anonymous Monk,
just use md5_hex to get hex version of digest

That's a brilliant (obvious) idea. I wish I had thought of it before I wrote the code above (which now handles negative numbers as well). I assume your approach will work but I am not inclined to verify (the guy I am helping should be able to do it himself). Thanks!

Edit: After thinking about it for a minute, I don't think that would work. Basically, you have an 128 bit integer in binary form and you are then converting the first 64 bits of it into decimal form. I'm pretty sure a hex digest isn't going to help here because you can't simply just cut it in half.

Cheers - L~R

• Comment on Re^6: Equivalent of unpack 'q' with 32-bit Perl (a8)

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Re^7: Equivalent of unpack 'q' with 32-bit Perl (a8)
by RonW (Vicar) on Sep 07, 2016 at 20:41 UTC
After thinking about it for a minute, I don't think that would work. Basically, you have an 128 bit integer in binary form and you are then converting the first 64 bits of it into decimal form. I'm pretty sure a hex digest isn't going to help here because you can't simply just cut it in half.

That seems to be what unpack('q', md5(\$foo)) is doing - cutting the digest in half.

```use Digest::MD5 'md5';
my \$foo = 'hello, world!';
my @v = unpack('q', md5(\$foo));
printf "%x %x\n", @v;
```\$ perl unpackq.pl

If you really need to convert the whole digest to an integer, try Math::BigInt->from_hex(md5_hex(\$foo))

RonW,

If you really need to convert the whole digest to an integer

I just need to duplicate the result of unpack('q', md5(\$thing)) on 32bit Perl. I wrote something that works at home (see this thread) but it doesn't seem to work at work and I can't understand why.

Cheers - L~R

This seems to do what you are asking:

```#!perl
use strict;
use warnings;
use Digest::MD5 qw(md5 md5_hex);
use Math::BigInt;
my \$foo = 'hello, world!';
my @v = unpack('q', md5(\$foo));
printf "%x %x\n", @v;
my \$h = substr(md5_hex(\$foo),0,16); # get first 8 bytes (pairs of hex
+digits)
my @w = reverse \$h =~ /(..)/g;      # split out the bytes and reverse
+the order
my \$w = join('', @w);
my \$q = Math::BigInt->from_hex(\$w);
print \$q->as_hex();

I was surprised that it was necessary to reverse the bytes to get the same result as unpack('q', md5(\$foo)) but that's what it took.

Re^7: Equivalent of unpack 'q' with 32-bit Perl (a8)
by Anonymous Monk on Sep 07, 2016 at 22:14 UTC

Edit: After thinking about it for a minute, I don't think that would work. Basically, you have an 128 bit integer in binary form and you are then converting the first 64 bits of it into decimal form. I'm pretty sure a hex digest isn't going to help here because you can't simply just cut it in half.

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