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Re^2: My first perl script is working, what did I do wrong?

by killersquirel11 (Novice)
on Nov 09, 2012 at 00:43 UTC ( #1003038=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re: My first perl script is working, what did I do wrong?
in thread My first perl script is working, what did I do wrong?

Thanks for the reply, it actually looks like Perl! A couple quick questions on this:
1) Are both 'use 5.12.00' and 'use strict' necessary? From what I read, 'use 5.12.00' implies 'use strict'.
2) With the following line, I'm having a bit of difficulty understanding it.
$re .= qr/(?<$_>$_\s*)/ for @fields;
Is it essentially this?:
for my $field (@fields) $re=$re.qr/(?<$_>$_\s*)/

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Re^3: My first perl script is working, what did I do wrong?
by rjt (Deacon) on Nov 09, 2012 at 01:23 UTC
    1. You are correct, use strict is not required here. Sorry, old habits die hard. :-)
    2. Not quite. Your example will not compile, but a similarly expanded translation of what I wrote would look like:
    for my $field (@fields) { $re .= qr/(?<$field>$field\s*)/; }

    Read $_ for a description of the $_ special variable, but the short version is, if you do not supply a variable name to for, Perl will automatically assume $_.

    The regex itself might benefit from a bit more explanation. It's capturing all of the column names including trailing whitespace, and saving those as named captures in %+ for use in the line that builds $tmpl:

        my $tmpl = join(' ', map { "A[".length($+{$_})."]" } @fields);

    That generates an (un)pack template string based on the field lengths read from the header, determining the length of each field in @fields by taking the length of the same-named capture in %+ . I'm using map here to "map" the values in @fields to the list that I want: a list of the lengths of each field.

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