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Re^6: matching the words (166 quadrillion times faster!!)

by BrowserUk (Pope)
on Feb 17, 2013 at 01:59 UTC ( #1019094=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to Re^5: matching the words
in thread matching the words

Of course, if numbers of words and/or terms is very large, and performance is critical, and you are prepared to throw memory at the problem, there is another, yet faster way. (How much faster is difficult to express in terms that most of us would understand).

The basic principle is an old favorite of mine: don't search; index. In this case that means building a hash that contains every possible variation of each word in the wordlist. For 'fred', that means adding '_red', 'f_ed', 'fr_d' & 'fre_' as keys to the hash with 'fred' as the values. Then, each of the wildcarded terms can be looked up directly. The result:

C:\test>junk42 -P=0.02 Looking for 3651 terms amongst 178691 words s/iter a b + c a 167 -- -95% + -100% b 8.20 1931% -- + -100% c 1.00e-015 16662499999999995902% 820299999999997696% + --

Which makes the process 8 quadrillion times faster than the regex against a string; and (an unbelievable) 166 quadrillion times faster than the regex engine over an array.

If my math is right, that means it can do in 1 second; what the regex engine would take 5 billion years to do!

(And I've checked and checked, and it really does appear to be true?)

The benchmark:

With the rise and rise of 'Social' network sites: 'Computers are making people easier to use everyday'
Examine what is said, not who speaks -- Silence betokens consent -- Love the truth but pardon error.
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[GotToBTru]: 99% of all deaths take place within 24 hours of ingesting di-hydrogen monoxide
[GotToBTru]: time for some C8H10N4O2 for me
[ambrus]: GotToBTru: wait, you tell only the atom totals of what you want? Is that like ordering food in a restaurant by telling only the nutrient amounts you need, or
[ambrus]: like when a medieval scientist supposedly proves his priority inventing something by having previously published an anagram of a thousand letters long summary of the invention?

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