In a Java-like language, an abstract base class is often used to provide functionality (often mandated by some interface) to classes that inherit from it, but it cannot be used/instantiated on its own. "abstract" means that it can't be instantiated, it doesn't mean that it provides no functionality.
This is how you are using Role::App. It is like an an abstract base class in the sense that it can't be instantiated and it provides functionality to App::FixIt. Some of that functionality is mandated by Role::Logger. What the docs are saying is that mandated methods have to be supplied in classes not in roles.