Beefy Boxes and Bandwidth Generously Provided by pair Networks
good chemistry is complicated,
and a little bit messy -LW

Re: "use Win32::OLE::Const" not having an effect

by Khen1950fx (Canon)
on Aug 06, 2012 at 05:05 UTC ( #985598=note: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

in reply to "use Win32::OLE::Const" not having an effect

Try it like this:
#!/usr/bin/perl use strict; no strict qw/subs/; use Win32::OLE qw/in with/; use Win32::OLE::Const 'Microsoft Excel'; $Win32::OLE::Warn = 3; my $Excel = Win32::OLE->GetActiveObject('Excel.Application') || Win32::OLE->new('Excel.Application', 'Quit');

Replies are listed 'Best First'.
Re^2: "use Win32::OLE::Const" not having an effect
by dasgar (Priest) on Aug 06, 2012 at 05:31 UTC

    Just wanted to point out that taking control of an existing instance of Excel could potentially create some problems. In fact, my personal recommendation is to just have the script open a new instance of Excel or at least be aware of the potential problems.

    For more info on the potential problems, you check out some of the posts from davies and I in the Perl r/w Excel with OLE thread. Actually, I think that davies did a better job of explaining the dangers of grabbing control of an existing Excel instance that I did in that thread.

Re^2: "use Win32::OLE::Const" not having an effect
by HelenCr (Monk) on Aug 06, 2012 at 12:21 UTC

    Khen1950fx: thanks for you reply. But it seems that your solution is a workaround the problem. If, on the original system, everything is working fine, why should I say?: no strict qw/subs/;

    In my opinion, we should try to find out why  use Win32::OLE::Const 'Microsoft Excel'; is not taking an effect on the XP system. For example, maybe XlExcel8 is defined for Excel 2010 (which is installed on the original system), and has a different name in Excel 2003 (installed on the Windows XP system)? (Just an example)?

      For example, maybe XlExcel8 is defined for Excel 2010 (which is installed on the original system), and has a different name in Excel 2003 (installed on the Windows XP system)?

      Somehow I totally overlooked that the error message in your original post was complaining about "xlExcel8". Combined with the fact that you're using Excel 2010 and Excel 2003, I think I know what's going on. The problem is not with the use Win32::OLE::Const 'Microsoft Excel'; line at all.

      Starting with Excel 2007, Microsoft introduced a new Excel file format and used .xlsx file extension as the default file extension for the new file format. Also, with Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, the default file type when saving a file is the new file type. The user can still choose the older file type if he/she wants to.

      Since you're not providing much code, I have to make some guesses. I'm assuming that you've developed your code on your system with Excel 2010 and wanted to save in the older Excel file format. In that case, you have to specify the file format when saving the file. That's where you're using the xlExcel8 constant. However, that's not a defined constant in the Excel 2003 OLE library. Although there is a free update to Excel 2003 that allows it to use the new file format, I can't say for sure if that will add the xlExcel8 constant to the Excel 2003 OLE library.

      If you're planning to have a script that works with Excel versions 2003, 2007 and 2010, then you'll probably need to check to see what version of Excel is installed in order to know which save methods to call. The way that I've done that before was to look at the code from the OLE browser from the Win32::OLE module to see how it dynamically pulled out information about the available OLE libraries. Then I wrote a subroutine that looked for the "Microsoft Excel X.0 Object Library" and used the X value to determine the Excel version. Excel 2010 is 14, Excel 2007 is 12, and I believe that Excel 2003 is 8.

      Here's how to do a quick test of my assumptions. If my assumptions are correct, you probably have something like the following in your code:

      $book->SaveAs({Filename => $filename, FileFormat => xlExcel8});

      On your Excel 2003 system, try changing that line to the following:

      $book->SaveAs({Filename => $filename});

      If I'm right, that should work on your system running Excel 2003.

        dasgar: excellent! I think you'e hit it right on. You have also guessed right what I was doing: developing on Excel 2010 but saving as Excel 2003 "xls" format, for compatibility.

        I changed that line as you suggested, and the program is running with no errors.

        I haven't tested the save yet, but I suspect it'll be ok. I'll test it and report.

        Thanks a lot for the excellent analysis!


      Win32::OLE::Const outputs warnings for the following code:

      >perl -wlE "use Win32::OLE::Const 'Some Madeup Library'; print 'All is + well'" No type library matching "Some Madeup Library" found at -e line 1 Win32::OLE(0.1709): GetOleTypeLibObject() Not a Win32::OLE::TypeLib ob +ject at ...

      ... so you will have to look through the Microsoft documentation on Excel to find out what type library to use when.

Log In?

What's my password?
Create A New User
Node Status?
node history
Node Type: note [id://985598]
and all is quiet...

How do I use this? | Other CB clients
Other Users?
Others perusing the Monastery: (2)
As of 2018-05-22 03:19 GMT
Find Nodes?
    Voting Booth?