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Uninitialized value in substr command
5 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by lmtaylor
on Aug 20, 2014 at 17:09

    Hello. I'm trying to take a very large array and re-format it. The initial array looks something like this:

    >123

    ABD

    CEF

    GHI

    >456

    JKL

    MNO

    >789

    That's obviously simplified, but that's the idea. I want to join the elements between the two lines that begin with '>' and then get rid of the lines that begin with the '>', so my final array looks something like this:

    ABDCEFGHI

    JKLMNO

    Here is the code I've written to do it. My problem is, every time I run it, I get a million errors that all say "Use of uninitialized value in substr at line 19." But I can't figure out what value it's talking about.

    #!/usr/bin/perl -w my @contigfile = (">37","ABC","DEF","GHI","JKL","MNO","PQR","STU","VWX +","YZ",">38"); my $element1 = 0; my $element2 = 0; # print @contigfile; # print substr($contigfile[$element1],0,1); # print $contigfile[$element1]; while ($contigfile[$element1]){ if (substr($contigfile[$element1], 0, 1) eq '>'){ do { ++$element2; } until (substr($contigfile[$element2], 0, 1) eq '>'); $new = join('',@contigfile[($element1 + 1)..($element2 - 1)]); splice @contigfile, $element1, $element2, "$new"; ++$element1; $element2 = $element1; } } print @contigfile; exit;

    I wrote this code to test my method before implementing it in my real program, which will take the array in from an input file. Only I can't figure out what this error is talking about. The commented out print commands work just fine. Does anyone see something that I'm missing?

    Thank you so much for your help!

    - Lisa

Check if a file exists and if not create it
3 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by Wroof
on Aug 20, 2014 at 16:51

    Good morning Monks,

    I am trying to write up a short test program to learn how to deal with files in Perl before I try and implement it into a program I have already written.

    The idea of the test program is to open a file for appending and if the file does not exist create it and open it. The software in the end will be used to create a log in another program to help me track down an error that is occurring around once every 40-50 days.

    What I have at the moment is just trying to open a file for appending/create the file, and then close the file before testing that it exists. This is all based on the IO:File Lib. The function $fh->open(">> test2.txt") always seams to return true even if the files does not exist and it does not create it either.

    use IO::File; use strict; my $fh; sub test { my $filename = 'test2.txt'; unless (-f $filename) { print "File Exists!"; } else { print "File does not exist"; } } sub openFile { $fh = IO::File->new(); if ($fh->open(">> test2.txt")) { print "file open"; print <$fh>; $fh->close; } else { print "file failed to open"; } } openFile(); test();
Dumb question...probably...
2 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by kepler
on Aug 20, 2014 at 15:11
    Hello, I'm trying to assign variables to a DateTime module like this:
    $dt = DateTime->new( year => $year, month => $month, day => $day, hour => $hour, minute => $minutes, second => $seconds, );
    which gives undef to all variables, although the values are not empty. Sorry to ask: but how do I do this right? Kind regards, Kepler
Example rtpextract does not compile
1 direct reply — Read more / Contribute
by tnteverett
on Aug 20, 2014 at 10:15
    http://cpansearch.perl.org/src/SULLR/Net-Inspect-0.303/tools/rtpxtract.pl

    I am not able to resolve a Line 62 Error:

    rtpextract.pl

    Undefined subroutine &main::pcap_open_offline called at ~/bin/rtpextract.pl line 62.

    Anyone know what the problem is here?

    PROBLEM RESOLVED: See responses

Formatting JSON the right way
3 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by Anonymous Monk
on Aug 20, 2014 at 07:56
    Hi Monks!

    I am working on this code where I need to send json back to some jQuery code. I would like to know if there is better way of doing this, I mean formatting JSON data. Is there anything that could be done better?
    Here is the code sample for your evaluation:
    !/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; use CGI::Carp qw(fatalsToBrowser); use CGI qw(-oldstyle_urls :standard); use DBI; use DBD::ODBC; use Data::Dumper; use JSON; my $q = CGI->new; my $search = $q->param('search') || ""; my $user = "user"; my $pwd = "pwd"; my $dbh = DBI->connect("DBI:ODBC" ,$user ,$pass ,{ PrintError => 0 } ) + or die "Can not connect to ODBC database: $DBI::errstr\n +" ; my $sql = qq{SELECT name,city,state from mytable where name like ? lim +it 5}; my $data_handle = $dbh->prepare($sql); $data_handle->execute($search.'%') or die "SQL Error: $DBI::errstr\ +n"; my %returned_data; while (my $row = $data_handle->fetchrow_hashref()) { $returned_data{'name'} = $row->{NAME}; $returned_data{'city'} = $row->{CITY}; $returned_data{'state'} = $row->{STATE}; } $data_handle->finish; print $q->header(-type => "application/json", -charset => "utf-8"); my $json = encode_json \%returned_data; print $json;

    Thanks for looking!
Threading Web Requests with LWP
2 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by tip120
on Aug 20, 2014 at 05:23

    Hi there,

    I have a perl-curses based script that essentially connects to a web-based ajax powered chatroom. This script simply allows me to use the chatroom from within my terminal, without needing a web browser. It works, however, I have a small issue.

    It seems when a web request is made, the curses UI just freezes until the request is done. I figure I can solve this by making the web requests fork off into another thread.

    I've tested the code and confirmed that it only happens while waiting for the webserver to respond.

    However, I'm not sure about the easiest way to fix this. I'm using LWP for my web requests. Is there an easy way to make all the LWP HTTP requests thread and return back without having to rewrite a large portion of my code? Is there an easier way to solve the issue? Any advice would appreciated. :)

File reade and recreate
2 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by adriang
on Aug 20, 2014 at 03:48

    Hi all,

    I want to create a counter using a file but this don't work

    #!/usr/bin/perl use warnings; use strict; use Carp; open(my $count_file,"+<","count.txt") or croak "cant open"; my $count=<$count_file>; $count++; print $count_file $count; print $count; __END__

    only this work:

    #!/usr/bin/perl use warnings; use strict; use Carp; open(my $count_file,"<","count.txt") or croak "cant open"; my $count=<$count_file>; $count++; open($count_file,">","count.txt") or croak "cant open"; print $count_file $count; print $count; __END__

    I want to use OPEN only once.

    Thanks in advace, Adrian.

parsing the Windows directories
3 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by g_speran
on Aug 19, 2014 at 16:22

    Hello All,

    I am trying to write a script that would parse thru a windows directory supplied and return the object type encountered (File, Directory, Link, etc), size, atime, ctime, and mtime.

    I located some code on the internet that kinda works, but when it gets to a windows link/shortcut (.lnk), the script fails with:

    Use of uninitialized value in bitwise and (&) at C:\temp\showmodes.pl line 5.

    Can't stat() 'C:\Users\admin\Favorites\MSN Websites\MSN Autos'

    Any thoughts on how to parse thru all object type and it return the appropriate information?

    #!/usr/bin/perl use strict; use warnings; my $name = shift or die "Usage: $0 file|directory\n"; my $mode = ( ( lstat($name) )[2] ) & 07777 or die "Can't stat() '$name +'\n"; printf "%s %04o %s\n", ( -f _ ) ? 'f' : ( -l _ ) ? 'l' : ( -d _ ) ? 'd' : ( -b _ ) ? 'b' : ( -c _ ) ? 'c' : ( -p _ ) ? 'p' : ( -S _ ) ? 's' : '?', $mode, $name; 1;

HTML Parsing (ick)
5 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by dbarron
on Aug 19, 2014 at 14:55
    Ok, I need to parse webpages (that I wrote, but has been modified by others), and extract pertinent information stored within <div> </div> tags of class 'listing'. I'll list a sample entry below and then detail what I wish to parse out of it, with the format of another sample. Hopefully this will make sense and I'll gladly accept any advise as to which modules to use to make this easier.
    <div class="listing"> Agave parryi&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <span style="font-weight: normal;">Parry's agave</span> <br>$20.00&nbsp; 3 quart&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; $12.00 Quart <br><span id="native">Native</span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Sun to part shade&nbsp; Zones 5-10&nbsp; Family: <i>Amaryllidaceae</i> <br>From the Southwest comes this lovely agave.&nbsp; Thick spiny leaves adorn this hardy agave.&nbsp; Ultimate clump size is about 36" with each leaf being maybe 5" across. The flower stalk can reach 12 feet tall. Please plant in well drained soil in a place where children don't play. <span id="hummingbird">Hummingbirds</span> </div>
    Ok, what I'd like to get out of this (and there's a lot more html junk around it to ignore) is:
    Latin name (ie agave parryi)
    Common name (Parry's agave)
    Pot price ($20.00)
    Pot size (3 quart)
    Pot price ($12.00)
    Pot size (quart)
    Origin: Native
    Exposure: Sun to part shade
    Hardiness: 5-10
    Family: Amaryllidacea
    Text description:From the Southwest comes this lovely agave.  Thick spiny leaves adorn this hardy agave.  Ultimate clump size is about 36" with each leaf being maybe 5" across. The flower stalk can reach 12 feet tall. Please plant in well drained soil in a place where children don't play.
    Special Features: Hummingbirds (there's others of those...but I can handle generalization (I think))
    Ok, sorry for such a long post...but I wanted to give a good thorough example.
Perl Concatenate vs Append Operator
5 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by nande9
on Aug 19, 2014 at 12:14

    I have a somewhat general question about the Perl concatenate operator and the append operator.

    First, here is the example straight from Learning Perl (p.29)

    # append a space to $str $str = $str . " ";
    # same thing with assignment operator $str .= " ";

    My question: Are either of these method more "correct" or preferred for speed or syntactical reasons?

    Any information is greatly appreciated.

    -- Nick
Build a module distribution from just .packlist?
1 direct reply — Read more / Contribute
by mpersico
on Aug 19, 2014 at 08:39

    Many of the references I've found to .packlist files are for maintaining them or finding the appropriate one for a module. What I am looking for (before I write it) is a script/module that will USE the .packlist to create a tarball of the already deployed module for further deployment.

    Background: I have reference machines (one per OS) where I build Perl. Initial version builds on those machines are tarballed up, pushed out to production machines with no build tools - not even "make" - and untarballed. Currently, new and updated modules are added to these reference copies and the whole of the Perl reference copy is tarballed up and pushed. I'd prefer to be more granular if only from a psychological standpoint: pushing out a new module version is less intimidating-sounding than pushing out the whole distribution. So...

  • Does anyone know of such a beast?
  • If not, how about some namespace suggestions when I write it myself?
  • Thank you.

Net:SFTP:Foreign put issue
1 direct reply — Read more / Contribute
by rpachon
on Aug 18, 2014 at 16:00
    I am using Net:SFTP:Foreign to upload files and even though my program is just calling the put command, the server side person says that I am requesting a list (ls) command with every put. Is it really the Foreign SFTP put issuing an ls command or is this something the server program is doing? thanks
New Meditations
How realistic is an extended absence?
10 direct replies — Read more / Contribute
by ksublondie
on Aug 15, 2014 at 13:17
    I've been working for the same small, local company since college (12 years -- CS degree) and the sole programmer for the last 7...5 of which have been almost exclusively from home. I love my job, the company is great, can't ask for a better boss, I'm able to work independently and come up with my own projects. But lately, I've been contemplating staying home* to watch the kiddos (currently 3 all <=5). I'm flat out burned out and my priorities have shifted.

    How realistic is it to quit my job for an extended adsence (5+ years) and later return to a programming/IT position? Am I going to be pigeon holed into the baby-track? Will I be untouchable & irrelavant?

    * EDIT: "staying at home" = quitting my job/programming. For clarification, I have been working at home full-time with the kiddos from day one. Always in the past, it worked rather well. It was all they ever knew. My parenting style is rather "hands off" (not to say I neglect my children, but I make sure their needs are met while teaching them to be independent and doing things for themselves if it's within their capability). As a result, they have amazing attention spands and are capable of entertaining themselves. Plus a fortune invested in baby gates helps. Toddlers running around are less distracting than my coworkers and all the drama, politics, meetings about the next meeting, etc.

    I don't know if it's the addition of #3, or their ages requiring more mental stimulation, or #2 being a yet-to-be-potty-trained holy terror...or a combination thereof...but it's not working so smoothly anymore. I'm debating about quitting completely. I can tell myself to "stay in the loop" independently, but realistically, I know I won't. I already feel irrelavant since I'm not physically in the office.

RFC: interface for a DBD::Proxy-like module client-side DSN
No replies — Read more | Post response
by MidLifeXis
on Aug 14, 2014 at 09:22

    I made mention of this in the CB the other day, but didn't get many responses, so I thought I would ask it here to perhaps get a wider audience and set of responses.

    I am modifying a copy of DBD::Proxy/DBI::ProxyServer so that instead of specifying the entire server-side DSN on the client side, you instead specify a known name of a handle to a configured DSN on the server side. Using this and implementing the sql section of the configuration to another set of known queries would allow the client to use a DBI compliant data source without needing to have the server-side implementation details available. I am also looking to update the connection / user / query definition sections to make them more able to be isolated from one another.

    • Does a client-side DSN along the lines of dbi:Router:hostname=$hostname;port=$port;dsn=dbi:router:$remotename seem like a reasonable interface? [clarification: $hostname and $port are for connecting to the proxy / routing server, not the database -- that is fully configured on the routing server] Is there something (currently) better to base this on than DBD::Proxy/DBI::ProxyServer?
    • Does the name seem sensible?
    • Should I just try to incorporate this directly into the DBD::Proxy core itself?
    • Any other thoughts / previously invented wheels / ideas?

    The major use case I have for this is to standardize access to all of the little bits of information I have to use for my applications which currently exist in different data stores (CSV/TSV, SQLite, ldap, ...) in order to migrate them into a more manageable setup without impacting the application code. This type of configuration would also allow for the mockup of a testing set of data, migration to different platforms, ...

    Updates

    • pgbouncer was mentioned as a similar tool
    • Added description of my use case
    • Added a clarification of what the host/port refer to

    --MidLifeXis

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