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How do I capitalize all the words on one line?

by faq_monk (Initiate)
on Oct 08, 1999 at 00:20 UTC ( #601=perlfaq nodetype: print w/replies, xml ) Need Help??

Current Perl documentation can be found at perldoc.perl.org.

Here is our local, out-dated (pre-5.6) version:

To make the first letter of each word upper case:

        $line =~ s/\b(\w)/\U$1/g;

This has the strange effect of turning ``don't do it'' into ``Don'T Do It''. Sometimes you might want this, instead (Suggested by Brian Foy):

    $string =~ s/ (
                 (^\w)    #at the beginning of the line
                   |      # or
                 (\s\w)   #preceded by whitespace
                   )
                /\U$1/xg;
    $string =~ /([\w']+)/\u\L$1/g;

To make the whole line upper case:

        $line = uc($line);

To force each word to be lower case, with the first letter upper case:

        $line =~ s/(\w+)/\u\L$1/g;

You can (and probably should) enable locale awareness of those characters by placing a use locale pragma in your program. See the perllocale manpage for endless details on locales.

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[Corion]: Do you have any specific interests or general Perl knowledge?
[Cosmic37]: should I slurp? should I grep? Noble Lords I wish you good karma and beg your advice
[Corion]: Cosmic37: Ah, see perlfaq4, about How do I compute the intersection of two arrays
[Cosmic37]: I am out of practice; I use Perl for scientific programming for number crunching
[Corion]: Cosmic37: Basically, you read one file into a hash, keyed by your key, and then match the lines from the second file to that hash
[Cosmic37]: note that the two files only have datetimes which may match whereas other data per line is different format in file1 and file2 - is that really intersection?
[jedikaiti]: Hi Monks
[Corion]: Cosmic37: Well, if you want to use only parts of a line for the key, see split or whatever other mechanism to extract the key from the line
[Corion]: Hi jedikaiti!
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